Search icone
Search and publish your papers

Impact of the French Revolution on 19th century France

Or download with : a doc exchange

About the author


About the document

Published date
documents in English
9 pages
1 times
Validated by
0 Comment
Rate this document
  1. Introduction.
  2. Revolutionary legacy on political life and institutions.
    1. Institutional changes and consolidation of the state.
    2. Parliamentarism and legitimacy.
    3. Centralisation and bureaucracy.
  3. Democracy, politicization of the people and national sovereignty.
    1. Evolution of manhood suffrage.
    2. National and political consciousness.
  4. Revolutionary legacy on modern doctrines and legal system.
    1. Rationalisation of the legal system: Codification or the end of arbitrary justice.
    2. Liberalism and socialism: Modern doctrines and birth of new rights.
    3. Reform of the church and secularisation.
  5. A new organisation of the society.
    1. Evolution of the social structure in the 19th century.
    2. Political polarisation of the society.
    3. Left-outs and failures of this model.
  6. Bibliography.

It is quite difficult to discuss the impact of the French revolution on the French society for the country had difficulty accessing stability in the 19th century. Indeed the intervening decades witnessed four major upheavals: in the 1790s, 1830, 1848 and 1870, which brought a whole variety of regime in their wake: no less than three republics, 2 empires and three monarchies emerged. France became a vast political laboratory in which revolutionary ideas, inspired by the Enlightenment, had to fight their way through, experimenting with a dozen constitutions and modern doctrines such as liberalism, nationalism and socialism. If the revolution started a movement of democratisation and liberalisation that deeply influenced the French social structure during the 19th century, the change was quite brutal and therefore spread a feeling of animosity and refusal through a part of the population that is mostly victims of the revolution. Issues such as the place of the Church in the society weren't handled properly by the revolutionaries and led to a schism in the French society. The model inspired by the revolution therefore often failed to live up to expectations. During the first empire, Napoleon claimed to restore the order without abolishing revolutionary principles by setting up a meritocratic authoritarian regime: "la revolution est fixée aux principes qui l'ont commencée, elle est finie". But everyone will agree that an order is far more difficult to build than to destroy. Yet despite repeated revolutions, continuity can be seen as a striking feature of France's administrative, judicial, religious and educational structures. Despite appearances, political and social changes were graduate. This is what we will try to show in this essay.

[...] During the 19th century, the French society changed its opinion on poverty. If poor people were considered as lazy and insignificant in the 18th century, the French revolution and the industrial revolution changed this opinion. Sociologist came to admit that most poor people actually worked hard. Before the mid-18th century, workers weren't considered as a social class and were left out by both the state and the church. Left out by the state because they didn't have access to political representation, and left out by the church which didn't adapt to their urban industrial modern life. [...]

[...] They claimed for a universal suffrage and a perfect democratic regime Left-outs and failures of this model If the revolution led to a more democratic and equalitarian social structure in the 19th century, there remained many left outs of this new model. Poor people weren't considered at once for they didn't have political rights. But if this phenomenon changed slowly, the situation of women hardly changed. The revolution considered women as biologically inferior, Olympe de Gouge, a political woman who wrote the Declaration of the rights of women and of the citizens", was decapitated during the revolution. [...]

[...] In this Essay we will try to show how the changes that occurred in political institutions and in the legal system due to the revolution contributed progressively to the birth of a new social structure during the 19th century . I. Revolutionary legacy on political life and institutions 1. Institutional changes and consolidation of the state Although France experienced violent changes of regime during the 19th century, the ship of state kept getting stronger and the institutional infrastructure gained more and more influence over the society. [...]

Similar documents you may be interested in reading.

The new trends of the XXIst century consumption

 Business & market   |  Marketing   |  Market study   |  09/29/2010   |   .doc   |   7 pages

The French Revolution: Virtue or Terrorism?

 History & geography   |  Modern history   |  Presentation   |  09/29/2010   |   .doc   |   9 pages

Top sold for modern history

Critical analysis of the letter collection of Einhard

 History & geography   |  Modern history   |  Presentation   |  09/29/2010   |   .doc   |   4 pages

The American Revolution: who was more to blame; the British or the American agitators

 History & geography   |  Modern history   |  School essay   |  01/30/2017   |   .doc   |   2 pages