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Japanese strategy after 1945 - an "offensive" pacifism

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  1. Introduction
  2. The beginning of Nationalists drift
    1. The progressive integration of Jews
    2. The legacy of traditional Judaism
    3. Persistent prejudices
  3. The rise of antisemitism in the 1880s
    1. The Jew, 'scapegoat of modernity '
    2. Strengthening the construction of identity in race
    3. Discomfort spread by the press and the literature
  4. The violent antisemitism led to a division of corporations
    1. Of termination to the exclusion
    2. The instrumentalization of anti-Semitism by political forces
    3. Zionism, a response to the barbaric antisemitism

The Global Peace Index, devised by the Association Vision of Humanity, puts Japan as the seventh country in the world in the peaceful category. Without attempting to the question of the relevance of such classification or evaluation criteria, it is still possible and necessary to study the case of Japanese "pacifism", as enshrined in Article 9 of its Constitution. The Japanese Constitution is not solely the result of the defeat and imposition by MacArthur and the U.S. government. Many historians and constitutional scholars of Japan, like Yoichi Higuchi, have challenged the theory of "diktat" in a docudrama. The Blue Sky of Japan (Nihon no Aozora), was released in 2007. Nevertheless, it was clear that Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution provided a particularly extreme pacifism. In the euphoria, the United Nations was established and the prohibition of the use of force and threat of force was proclaimed in the Charter of San Francisco. Japan was expected to renounce any use or threat of force but also the use of armed forces for this purpose.

This addition to the start of the second paragraph authorized Japan and has enabled Japan to legally justify the existence of the so-called defense forces. Studying pacifism as a strategic point of view cannot fail to intrigue. What symbolizes the absolute rejection of the use of force, and can the military force serve as a strategy of "military" and even have a palliative and offensive connotation at a surprising first glance. How do we explain that Japan was able to maintain a pacifist strategy throughout the Cold War and partly to increase its influence? How do we define the queries on the status of its military force in the post-Cold War?

How to understand pacifism in its ideological and political sense and also as a method of action, such as "strategy" in the full sense of the word, let alone when pacifism becomes the doctrine of being and of action of a nation, namely Japan post-1945?

To achieve this goal, it will be necessary to define pacifism and how it can be understood and used in strategic thinking (A). It will be possible to study in the Japanese context of post-war and its deep ties with the ideological position (victory of democracy, creation of the UN), psychological (defeat and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki) and geopolitical (U.S. occupation) (B).

How can one define the pacifism strategy? What is a strategy of pacifism? This dual aspect is crucial to understanding how pacifism may be studied as part of the strategy of Japan. However, the study of peace as an object of interest is relatively recent studies in strategic security studies. A fortiori, pacifism is confined to the idealism and is rarely discussed as a tool of military strategy. Pacifism symbolize the non-action, refusal to act, the ultimate weakness in sum, an illusion which, in its determination to take no action, get in the end " dishonor and war" (W. Churchill).

Tags: pacifism strategy, Cold War, Global Peace Index

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