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Le Panier: its patrimony, its rehabilitation and the new city

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  1. Introduction.
  2. What are the main architectural characteristics of this part of the city?
  3. How does the restoration of 'Le panier' constitute a challenge?
  4. The use of false decorations realized with coat and panting.
  5. The last element noticeable on the facade.
  6. The study of the hospice.
    1. Built in 1670 by Pierre Puget.
    2. The construction.
    3. The topics of charity with a woman who welcomes children.
    4. The four aisles building.
    5. A serene look to the building.
  7. Conclusion.
  8. Bibliography.

Marseille is an old city dating from Greek Antiquity when it was called Massilia and was a harbor on the Mediterranean Sea. Thanks to trade and its location between the Eastern and the Western world Marseille has become an important place. Influenced by many civilizations, the City has been built, destroyed and rebuilt through the centuries. This juxtaposition of styles and types of architecture is particularly visible in the center of Marseille. Buildings dating from the Haussmann time stand alongside buildings from the late sixties, like Belsunce also called the ?center bourse?, highlighting the transformation in the architecture that characterizes Marseille. At the end of the twentieth century, ?Le Panier? an old part of the historic city was restored. Inhabited by many immigrants, this quarter was deserted by the wealthiest population and became an unsanitary place.

[...] But before speaking about this edifice now and its function in this area, let's begin with the study of the hospice. Inside the ?Vieille Charité? The ?Vieille Charité? was built in 1670 by Pierre Puget who was one of the king's architects. Because of a royal law concerning the imprisonment of the poor and the homeless, the municipality of Marseille decided in 1640 to build a hospice. They had a suitable site to build this kind of building on the Butte des Moulins (le Panier). [...]

[...] Indeed a façade cover with a bad lime coat or without respecting the process could be quickly damaged. Nowadays the knowledge related to such materials and techniques has been lost. For instance some conditions like a high level of humidity must be respected before applying the lime coat to improve the quality of the work and its permanence. One of the main roles of such organisms like the ?atelier du Patrimoine de la Ville de Marseille? is to fight against the disappearance of this knowledge and to provide training in order to keep this skill alive. [...]

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