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Media in Germany after World War Two

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  1. After World War II, the Allies wanted to 're-educate' the German population
  2. The set up of new German Federal Republic in 1949
  3. The role of print media and broadcasting (radio and television) in the development of media.

The development of media in the Western Germany during the period of the Allied Occupation (1945-1949) and in the first decade of the Federal Republic (1949-1959) The media is present all around the world. The media tries to express facts, entertainment, opinion, and other information. In this way, newspapers, magazines, cinema films, radio, television, Internet, books, and other forms of publishing are an approach to communication. Mass media tends to reach a large audience, in particular in the 1920?s with the expansion of radio networks and the mass-circulation of newspapers and magazines. Western Germany, between 1945 and 1959 can be separated into two periods. The first is the Allied Occupation, started after the defeat of World War II in 1945. Western Germany was divided into three areas. These areas were controlled by America, Britain and France. The Federal Republic -West Germany- was proclaimed in 1949. What are the main points of the development of media in West Germany while it was emerging from defeat in World War II? How did the media cope with, and what were their attitudes towards the Allied Occupation and the early of the new government ?the Federal Republic? The role of print media and broadcasting (radio and television) were important in the development of media.

[...] They could follow news about Germany and World War II. Although the diffusion of news was great, misinformation and propaganda also crept in. Radio was the best instrument for the Allies to explain what they expected for Germany. Radio was controlled and monitored by the Allies. Many Nazi broadcasting studios were destroyed. The Allies decided to impose individual autonomy for each radio system. German broadcasting was a system of the public corporation. The American area had chosen a decentralized system of broadcasting, whereas in British and French areas, they used the centralized system. [...]

[...] Conclusion After the defeat of Germany in World War II, the Allies had tried to rebuild the country and also the German thought. Media was a good instrument to pass on the new information. In fact, the Allies wanted to ?re-educate? the German population. Contrary to the Nazi period, since 1945, media such as press, radio, television, and broadcasting have more freedom about their subjects. They could express their own opinions and circulate them. Obviously, the Allies controlled the mass media. [...]

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