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The Renaissance - Protestant and Catholic faith

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  1. What were the strengths and positive aspects of the Catholic faith at the beginning of the Renaissance period?
  2. What did the Protestant Reformation offer in opposition to the Catholic faith and practice?
  3. Why was the Thirty Years War a blow to both Catholicism and Protestantism?

Because the Renaissance included a period of renewed interest in ancient and classical learning, multiple strengths were maintained by the Catholic faith toward the beginning of the Renaissance Period. The biggest strength may have been the actual churches. The features of the church were specific targets for the Renaissance. Windows made of glass, Fresccoes, paintings, panels and statues were features of interest. (Bokenkotter) Due to the stories they revealed, it played a major part in the beginning of the Renaissance.

[...] The religion actually began to grow in popularity through the 16th century. (Olin) What did the Protestant Reformation offer in opposition to the Catholic faith and practice? The Protestant Reformation provided opposition to the Catholic faith through multiple offers. The principal offer was the ability to protest the Roman Catholic orthodoxy. Henry VIII, Martin Luther, John Calvin and other reformers challenged papal authority through these offers. Under Protestant Reformation, redistribution of power was offered. The redistribution included a power exchange on both the religious and political front. [...]

[...] Catholicism and Protestantism each took a significant hit. The primary consequence is the loss of life. The population of each religion decreased between 25 and 40 percent following the Thirty Years War. Warfare was not the only cause of decline in population. The war also invited disease and famine. (Kreis) Furthermore, each side lost political influence. European politics thrived following this recession of religion. (Kreis) Religious freedoms were truncated in areas such as Bohemia. The religious map of Europe had been withdrawn following the Thirty Years War. [...]

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