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The aftermath of the lives of soldiers and survivors during the First World War

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  1. A family that is closely linked with the US authorities
    1. A strong commitment to the American political and economic life
    2. The incarnation of the "model family" in the American myth of the Kennedys
  2. A controversial ?clan?
    1. The hidden faces of the Kennedy clan
    2. The end of a myth?

During the First World War of 1914-18, more than eight million French people were mobilized, four million were sent to fight and about a third died along the 800 kilometers of the war front. These men, called the Hairy, lived in mud or dust, plagued by lice and rats. The noise of battle, rotting smells, pain and injury, and the experience of death of friends and relatives were some terrible incidents that they had to hold on to. For years, a part of their daily life was spent in the trenches. During this tragedy, people of all ages and all walks of life were seen floundering in the same mud. There were soldiers in the trenches, people from a variety of backgrounds and a diversity of living conditions in the fire. The northerner who did not have news about her family did not have the same concerns as the artist of Montparnasse, yet they both lived the same experience in the trenches. They survived with the same spirit of patriotism and the same hostility and even filled with the hatred of the enemy. The soldiers were far from civilization, and were away from all companies held in the fellowship of the group with which they fought, lived, and died. The transposition of situations, and the living environment were similar and uniform and only allowed to absorb the shock due to different geographical and social origins or even those completely opposite of men who were all pre-soldiers. During the winter of 1914, a new species, called "the man of the trenches," who even after his return to civilian life, was maimed physically or psychologically. We see in the first part of this document about the everyday life in the trenches and the diversity of backgrounds of the soldiers, different roles, and the inequality in the warfront. Then we will address the social mixing of these soldiers (living conditions, brotherhood and leveling classes, a new species: man of the trenches), and finally, we analyze the return to the reality of civilian life (social rejection, and the war veterans).

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