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Settlement in the American colonies of Great Britain

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  1. A family that is closely linked with the US authorities
    1. A strong commitment to the American political and economic life
    2. The incarnation of the "model family" in the American myth of the Kennedys
  2. A controversial ?clan?
    1. The hidden faces of the Kennedy clan
    2. The end of a myth?

In this seminar, we seek to explain the differences existing in the settlement colonies in the Americas in the seventeenth century. In other words, the main objective of our work is to identify the possible reasons of the slave system, and the large population of blacks that the southern colonies experienced, while the northern colonies were primarily populated by whites. To explain this difference in population, it seems worthwhile to first study the reasons that impelled the British to leave their homeland, and then look more specifically at the economic, demographic, geographic and political updates up by the settlers.

However, due to the time constraints and limits set for our seminar, we cannot study all the colonies of Great Britain. Thus, we will mainly study the three following colonies: New England, the Chesapeake and the British West Indies, which will allow us to highlight the factors that explain the diversity of population within New World colonies. Moreover, this difference was a further reason for the Civil War, which was a pivotal moment in U.S. history. Thus, this topic is of great importance and deserves to be studied.

The situation in England at the beginning of the period of colonization, namely the early 17th century, was very difficult for the vast majority of the population. The English people, vast majority of which were peasants, no longer had the resources to survive in their homelands. Yet the density was not very high. In the early seventeenth century, the population of England was about 5 million people. Despite the moderate number, an increase in agricultural production could be done by extending the land under cultivation, which was no longer possible.

At the same time, the main branch of British industry, namely the textile industry, was experiencing a terrible decline in European markets. The English aristocracy was trying, somehow, to maintain their high profit margins through lowering the income of their employees. Residents left their homes because they could not pay their rent. Half of the farmers lost their land between 1530 and 1630.Men left their regions, despite a travel ban, for cities to find work. Life in the cities did not prove much better. The newcomers found themselves in slums, as we know them today in some developing countries. The situation became dramatic and the moneyed classes feared a revolt of the poor.

Another reason for the departure to America was on the grounds of religion. Some wanted to live in a country that allowed them to practice their faith freely. It is to this end that Lord Baltimore founded the colony of Maryland. He had in mind, the image of a world where everyone's faith is respected and where different communities can live in peace. The Puritans established colonies in what would become known as New England.

It begs the question, why the other people of Europe did not ventured into the establishment of settlements at this time? It is true that the Dutch, like the French, tried their luck on the North American continent and established colonies.

Tags: colonization, New England, puritanism

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