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The battle of Shiloh

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Madison Board of Education
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  1. Introduction.
  2. Union Army - unprepared for battle.
    1. Federal scouts come upon Confederate soldiers on June 6.
    2. General Sherman - in charge of one of the divisions fights hard against the Confederates.
    3. The morning following the June 6th attack.
  3. Mistake of the Union Army before the Battle of Shiloh - not knowing the strength of the Confederate Army.
  4. A mistake on the Confederate side - Johnston did not realise that General Grant would be reinforced by Buell.
  5. Listening to the common soldiers.
  6. A lesson that the US Army has learned from the Battle of Shiloh - the Confederate loss of General Johnston.
  7. Conclusion.

Before day break of June 6, 1862, Federal troops discovered that Confederate soldiers were nearby. This occurred in Pittsburgh Landing, Tennessee. The Battle of Shiloh was just beginning and it would become one of the most significant and perhaps must misunderstood battles of the war. It was early in the Civil War when the Battle of Shiloh took place, and the Union Army learned several lessons.

The first mistake was that the Union Army was unprepared for battle. In fact they were surprised when the Federal scouts stumbled over the Confederate troop that was camped nearby. Most of the recruits for the Union side were new to battle and untrained. This led to the chaos on both sides. They had not been exposed to the discipline that is essential in the military. The Union Army had practiced their drills and swam. Many were also sick with dysentery which had left them dehydrated.

[...] Neither side during the Battle of Shiloh had enough medicine. Today, the worst is anticipated and enough provisions are made ready. The Battle of Shiloh was one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War. The outcome was a Union victory and a Confederate loss, but the casualties were astronomical on both sides. The battle is now just a memory. It has been almost a century since the last survivor died, but to forget the battle would be a travesty. [...]


[...] By late morning, all of the Confederate troops are attacking. However, the Union soldiers are holding their own. When Jackson opens an all out attack as he was ordered by Sherman to do, the Union soldiers left are able to hold back the enemy. Mclernand and Sherman continue to pound their enemy. By mid afternoon, the Confederates are becoming bombarded by the Union forces. General Johnston leads a heavy attack on the Union soldiers, but during the attack he was shot and mortally wounded. [...]


[...] Unfortunately for the Confederates, this point of the battle is where they lost their beloved leader. General Johnston was shot in the leg, and bled to death because he refused medical treatment. This seemed senseless to his followers, who depended on him for instruction. This left General Beauregard as the commanding officer at the Battle of Shiloh. While Beauregard had been a constant at the battle, he did not know about the approaching Union reinforcements. There were also Federal gunboats approaching to aid Grant. [...]

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