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The Colonization and Independence of South Africa and Kenya

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  1. Introduction
  2. The relations between the British and Boers
  3. South Africa's National Party
  4. Kenya: Another African country with a detailed history of colonization and independence
  5. Oppression of the indigenous people
  6. Conclusion
  7. Works cited

Independence has been a struggle in the African continent since the first days of colonization. Africa has been territorialized since the days of Jesus, but was not heavily colonized until the Scramble for Africa. The Scramble, which took place during the late 1800s, involved several European countries undertaking a mass, rapid colonization of Africa. Some argued that colonization brought the benefits of Western life to a struggling continent. However, the benefits could only be seen in limited areas, and colonization overall reduced the freedom of many Africans both culturally and humanely. Africa has come a long way since then. Many countries have gained their independence from the European countries they were once colonized by.

[...] The rebellion lasted for eight years, pitting the Kenya Land Freedom Army, or the Mau Mau Rebels, in violent guerilla and urban warfare against the British colonial government. Ultimately, the British brought in enough troops to easily outnumber and suppress the rebellion. However, the combined pressure of costly violence and the independence of other African nations caused Great Britain to grant independence to Kenya. On December Kenya officially became independent. Since becoming independent, Kenya has most importantly developed its own government system. [...]

[...] South Africa also has built one of the world's top stock markets. Their government is headed by a parliament which includes an organized legislative, judicial, and executive system. Also, since Apartheid, political rights became equalized among the entire population. However, South Africa has developed its fair share of problems. The AIDS epidemic is one of the biggest problems. In percent of the population aged 15-49 was afflicted with HIV (South Africa Data Profile). Also, crime in South Africa is some of the worst in the world. [...]

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