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The Franco-Russian alliance (1892)

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  1. A family that is closely linked with the US authorities
    1. A strong commitment to the American political and economic life
    2. The incarnation of the "model family" in the American myth of the Kennedys
  2. A controversial ?clan?
    1. The hidden faces of the Kennedy clan
    2. The end of a myth?

The document deals with the Franco-Russian alliance. It summarizes the text of the military convention signed in August 1892 by the generals and was ratified by Tsar Alexander III and the French government. This decision was kept secret, and devoted the first sustainable diplomatic rapprochement between the Russian autocratic empire, and France. The outcome was still long and the first step was represented by an exchange of letters between the Chancellor and the Russian Ambassador in Paris. Europe was surprised by this merger, which occurred during the visit of the French fleet in Kronstadt in 1891. The relations between Russia and France, before 1887, were based on little evidence. France and Russia are the two ends of Europe, and their diplomatic contacts remain limited by the European policy of German Chancellor, Otto von Bismarck. Meanwhile, the perception of Russia by France remained until the last quarter of the nineteenth century. The relationship was twofold: first, it consisted of an integrated political and military power in the European diplomatic game, and on the other hand, an artistic and literary perception was almost nonexistent. Despite their differences in this French-Russian rapprochement, the resignation of Bismarck in 1890 was marked by the Austrian alliance and Russian support. He left his place to William, who wanted a clearer picture for Austria's causing and the non-renewal of the Treaty between Germany and Russia. Only Russia came close to an isolated France. Thus was born a French desire, and the convention of 1892 stood out as the symbol of a new Russian French alliance that drew a new European equilibrium. One can therefore ask how this military agreement against nature was dictated by the imperatives of international politics and was intended to prevent war. To understand this we will see in the first part, about the background that led to the conclusion of this alliance. We will see how it aims to prevent a war and then we will consider the fact that this alliance is primarily a military agreement that must be totally effective.

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