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The history of U.S steel and the industrial revolution

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  1. With the realization that organizational analysis is so critical for understanding the evolution of the organization, there is a clear impetus to chose an organization and explore how significant changes during the industrial revolution
  2. US Steel Corporation?A Historical Overview
  3. Labor Unions and Organizations
  4. Hence, steel companies were among the last to become unionized during the industrial revolution.
  5. Scientific Management
  6. Synthesis of the Data

Throughout the course of the twentieth century notable changes have taken place with respect to the development of the organization. Many of these changes have been focused on the advancement of the workforce and management, leading to the evolution of the organization. Interestingly, however, a decisive understanding of how change has impacted in the organization cannot be seen without careful analysis of the organization and its evolution over time. Only when the organization is examined in this manner can the researcher fully understand how changes to the workforce and management have impacted the overall development of the organization.

[...] As noted by Foster, the development of unions in the steel industry not only revolutionized the industry, but also forced management to reexamine management practices and worker rights. Arguably, the unionization of the workforce which occurred principally in the 1920sis one specific issue that had a notable impact on the development of US Steel. Research on the organization after the 1920s demonstrates that significant organizational changes were still impacting the organization. McKenna (1995) notes that once the labor disputes of the 1920s were over, many organizations began seeing notable declines in profits as a direct result of competition from international companies. [...]

[...] Cotter (1921) notes that Carnegie became an integral part of the steel industry in the mid- and late- nineteenth century. Although the steel industry had not yet reached its apex, by the beginning of the twentieth century, Carnegie sold his steel empire. J.P, Morgan and Elbert H. Gary purchased Carnegie's steel operations in 1901 and combined these companies with their holdings in the Federal Steel Company to create US Steel. Cotter argues that while Carnegie did not play an active role in the development of US Steel, his work in developing the steel industry was essential for the creation of this organization. [...]

[...] Interestingly, however, despite the widespread development of unions and collective bargaining, the sheer size and power of the steel industry kept this segment of business largely excluded from mainstream changes in organizational management. As noted by Foster (1920) The steel manufacturers have always aggressively applied the ordinary, although unacknowledged, American business principles that our industries exist primarily to create huge profits for the fortunate few who own them, and that if they have any other utility it is a matter of secondary importance. [...]

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