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The USSR and the capitalist world of 1945 to 1991

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  1. A family that is closely linked with the US authorities
    1. A strong commitment to the American political and economic life
    2. The incarnation of the "model family" in the American myth of the Kennedys
  2. A controversial ?clan?
    1. The hidden faces of the Kennedy clan
    2. The end of a myth?

We are interested to understand how the USSR, a socialist country, manages its relations with the capitalist countries from 1945 to 1991, during the Cold War era. This period was marked by conflicts between the USSR and the United States indirectly. The logic was always to win more supporters than the other, to be more powerful than the other in every possible area. Yet one cannot reduce "capitalist countries" to the United States alone. The term also includes Japan and the Western European states, namely Great Britain, Benelux, Scandinavia, France, Italy, West Germany (1949), Spain and Portugal, which represent a relatively large number of countries. The problem that arises immediately is the diversity of reporting, because even if these states are a priori in the same camp, they still have sporadic differences. In a context of the Cold War, one should certainly discuss relations with the United States, but not only confine it to the US. These were already tinged with suspicion and distrust on both sides during the Second World War. Communism is scary, and even the Bolshevik Revolution and the capitalist countries are unanimous on this. It was an ideological conflict, and capitalism had diametrically opposed to communism. The USSR is wary of them, and especially Great Britain, as evidenced by the preponderance of the "Magnificent Five" during the war in 1939-45. There were five British spies, who are graduates of Cambridge (Anthony Blunt, Guy Burgess, John Cairncross, Donald Maclean and Kim Philby), who transmitted confidential information to the UK. Moreover, on April 3, 1941, Churchill sent a message to Stalin informing him of a certain attack by Germany against the USSR in mid-June. Stalin did not reply, and Churchill insisted by sending a telegram to the Kremlin that the Soviet leader simply annotated by: provocation English. In 1945, it was assumed therefore that they were on the wrong and we will see as to what will become an even stronger antagonism thereafter and determine the international relations over fifty years. The starting point of the study period is 1945, during the Yalta Conference. Therefore, several break dates are observed and identified with different phases of the relationship between the USSR and capitalist countries.

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