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Trials and Triumphs: A look at the leadership of the nation of Islam 1930-2005

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  1. Introduction.
    1. The Nation of Islam.
    2. Begining of the Nation of Islam.
  2. The Honorable Elijah Muhammad.
  3. Malcolm Little's desire to join the Nation of Islam.
  4. The replacing of Elijah Muhammad with Wallace.
    1. Concern on what Wallace did as the new leader of the Nation of Islam.
    2. Reactions to the new changes.
  5. Minister Louis Farrakhan's official announcement of the restoration of the Nation of Islam.
    1. His new position as the Chief Minister.
    2. Farrakhan's belief that he was Elijah Muhammad's 'spiritual son'.
  6. The Reagan/Bush administration and their conservative policies.
  7. Growth of the Nation of Islam.
    1. Their alliance with other important figures in the Black community.
    2. Recruitment.
  8. The 1990s - Nation of Islam's further involvement in the political arena.
  9. Conclusion.

The Nation of Islam is defined as ?a religious and political organization founded in the United States in 1930 with a declared aim of resurrecting the spiritual, mental, social and economic condition of the Black man and woman of America and the world.? When the Nation of Islam was formed, Nationalism for people of African descent was nothing new. Yet the Nation was a great step in bringing the Black Nationalist Movement to the forefront of American society. Although the organization dealt with its share of controversy, they maintained strength and continued to go up until the mid nineteen seventies. When tragedy struck the organization, major changes were implemented that destroyed the Nation as the Black Islamic community knew it. Unhappy with the changes, Nation of Islam National Spokesman Louis Farrakhan decided to restart the organization in 1978. He felt that the Black Islamic community should continue to live by the teachings of the Honorable Elijah Muhammad; looking at the membership, the community agreed. Since the late seventies Minister Louis Farrakhan has worked tirelessly to not only rebuild the Nation but to also elevate it above its previous greatness.

[...] Historical texts now describe The Million Man March as African American march of protest and unity convened by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan in Washington, DC on October 16, 1995.?[xxvi] With one million in attendance, the march was largest mass demonstration in the history of the county.?[xxvii] Yet, from those who planned the event and attended it, it was much more than that. At the event, voting registration was taking place as well as other processes to encourage political activity. [...]

[...] Besides agreeing with this sentiment, Farrakhan speaks about the man-only event in a historical context: ?since our women have borne the brunt of our ignorance and carried us for 400 years we ask our women if they will finally let us take the front line.?[xxix] From that perspective, Farrakhan is taking a very honest look at history and the role of Black men and women within the family structure. During slavery, Black males were emasculated while Black women were put into dominant roles of care-taker for white families, as well as their own. [...]

[...] With the success of the march and the work the Nation has done since, the 10 year anniversary march will show American society that the Nation has surpassed the level they were at under the leadership of Elijah Muhammad. [i]Notes Wikipedia [iii] Clifton E. Marsh, From Black Muslims To Muslim: The Resurrection, Transformation, and Change of the Lost-Found Nation of Islam in America, 1930-1995 (Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, Inc., 1996) Marsh Marsh Marsh [vii] Marsh [viii] Marsh Marsh Wikipedia Arthur J. [...]

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