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  1. Introduction.
  2. The relevance of his assassination for democratic purposes.
    1. Considering Teresa Vilaros's analyse of Carrero Blanco's death.
    2. Going further than the simple claim for local legitimation and nationalist revendication.
    3. A paradox: A liberalisation of any king under Franco.
  3. Shock and relief for the Spaniards.
  4. the assassination of Carrero Blanco: Important consequences in the Spanish political life.
  5. Conclusion.

Luis Carrero Blanco has been Franco's shadow and his life is one of the most mysterious in the Spanish history of the twentieth century. He always seemed to be a minor figure. He was from the middle-class, had little ambition but had an important working capacity and above all, he was absolutely loyal to Franco. Without being Franco's friend, he was however more than a simple counsellor. After more than twenty years of working in Franco's shadow, Carrero Blanco had at last a political part as a key figure: he was nominated vice-president of the government in 1967 and finally became president in 1973. However, ETA assassinated Carrero Blanco in December 1973 on his way back from church. The exceptional violence of the attack would forever be engraved in every Spaniard's memory.

[...] It is true that just a few authors have analysed the assassination of Carrero Blanco as an affirmation of power on the Spanish political scene. However, I do think this event has been decisive in the development of the terrorist organisation. ETA targeted an important symbol of the Francoist regime, thus it drained even more sympathy from the Spanish populace, and by using significant logistic means, which were not necessary at all, it asserted itself as one of the movements the government will have to deal during the transition. [...]

[...] Even though he was in exile, Luís Carrero Blanco started his political career in the civil war. Despite the fact that he was not a man of great ambition, his behaviour as a traditional catholic and monarchist brought him to the Opus Dei. Even though he was not a member of this order, he kept close relationships with some of the Opus Dei members, and this played an important part in the conservative aspect of Franco's regime. Luís Carrero Blanco seemed sometimes to be more francoist than Franco himself. [...]

[...] Their behaviour was sufficiently aggressive to make the latter think that night of the long knives was imminent?[20]. At the Admiral's funerals, demonstrations turned into a neo-fascist rally calling for the return of the government. It is then possible to say , as Javier Tussel does, that the group that would have claimed responsibility for a similar attack as that of Claudo Coello street, would have wished a wider liberalisation of the regime or just the reverse[21]. The attack on Luís Carrero Blanco in Claudo Coello Street was upsetting. [...]

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