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Why did Germany adopt Nazism?

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  1. Introduction
    1. Definitions
    2. What is Subway concept?
    3. Why is it called Subway?
    4. Why the name was not translated to French
    5. Slogan
  2. Subway's adaptation to French culture and gastronomy
  3. Conclusion

Adolf Hitler and his party insisted on addressing the country's issues, especially the growing unemployment. The Nazi Party became effective, thanks to this crisis, a training ground which attracted the votes of middle class and ensured the support of heavy industry and large landowners. With these various supporters, Hitler becomes Chancellor on January 30, 1933. While seeking to reassure the conservative forces that brought him to power, Hitler began to establish his dictatorship legally and eliminate opposition.

During the summer of 1934, the left wing of his party, got the support of the army and concentrated all the power in his hands. The path was clear for the establishment of a racist and totalitarian regime designed by the founder of the Third Reich. now, how did the Nazis come to power by legal means in 1933?
After the war, we know that Germany is going through a period of unrest that bully the young Weimar Republic and, therefore, encourage the emergence of the Nazi movement.

Nazism was born in Germany in a crisis, as in Italy - The crisis is primarily political. The imperial regime collapsed and attempted revolution was drowned in a bloodbath in the bloody week of January 1919. The constitution of the Weimar Republic (September 14, 1919) thus results from a triple compromise
- Compromise between democracy and strong government,
- Balance between centralism and federalism,
- Compromise between the political forces supporting the Republic.

The crisis is also social. Traditional elites retained the nostalgia of the old regime (army, nobility, officials, judges, university professors, large landowners). The Communist Party (KPD) was founded in January 1921 challenging the regime and aligned with the strategy of "class against class" implemented by the Comintern. The middle class had been ruined by inflation.

The German crisis also had moral undertones. Indeed, the humiliation in the aftermath of the Treaty of Versailles being imposed as a diktat was perceptible. Military leaders were trying to throw the blame on the civilians who signed the armistice, and the extreme right nationalists popularized the myth of the "stab in the back" given by the "November criminals" who overthrew the imperial regime.Also, separatist attempts in the Rhineland and Bavaria with the Soviet Republic were proclaimed in November 1919 by Kurt Eisner.

The crisis is also economic and financial. Although it had suffered no destruction, the German economy was weakened by the loss of rich sources of raw materials (Alsace, Haute - Silesia). Inflation was rampant as elsewhere in Europe, but the phenomenon was promoted by manufacturers who benefited from increasing their exports.Repairs are an aggravating factor. With the occupation of the Ruhr in 1923, the inflation crisis assumed an enormous magnitude.

After the failure of the Bolshevik type of revolution, the extreme right movements proliferated.Some men drifted into terrorism, political assassinations were increasing: Erzberger, who signed the Treaty of Versailles, was killed in August 1921, Rathenau, Minister in favor of rapprochement with the Allies, was killed in June 1922.

Tags: Nazism, Treaty of Versailles, inflation, Erzberger

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