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  1. Absolutism: the king has full authority
  2. Louis XIV: God's manifestation on Earth
  3. 'As the king wishes, so wishes the law'

While many monarchs have had the experience of wielding an enormous amount of power, few of them held power that went unchecked. Even at the zenith of their strength, many monarchs had to answer to a parliament, the legal traditions of the land, noblemen, as well as the Pope in Rome. To have full sovereignty is often only a dream, and a monarch who came extraordinarily close to achieving such a dream is King Louis XIV of France. Because of various political maneuvers, the sentiment of the times, and a great deal of luck, Louis XIV was able to reign unchallenged as one of the most powerful monarchs in modern history.

[...] Fox says of him, the matter of sovereignty Louis naturally took the traditional French royal position that held his power direct from God and not through the Pope or emperor. The possibility of popular consent did not even cross his mind.?[10] In his mind and in the mind of many Frenchmen, Louis XIV was a God and had God-like power and control. His ultimate goal, of course, was to rule endlessly as an absolute monarch, but even those kings who consider themselves divine have life spans like the rest of us. References Berce, Yves-Marie. Birth of Absolutism.? New York: St. [...]

[...] According to some historians, this power meant that the monarch was God on Earth, a divine being, owning all property and therefore capable of taxing at will, the source of all government authority, superior to and master of the parlements and estates as well as customary and fundamental law, the fountain of justice and therefore the judge in his own case.[3] . Louis XIV was the epitome of these characteristics of a monarch, which is very evident in his demeanor, his arrogance, and his self-absorbed nature. Louis XIV wanted France to practically revolve around him, and he made various efforts to establish this sort of control over the state. [...]

[...] According to Hatton, the term absolutism denotes a form of power which is unrestrained; more specifically it implies that no external agency can suspend or delay the action of the sovereign power. As a power which is free to act absolutism was, with the passage of time, thought of as a power liberated from restraint.[1] In this type of government, there is almost no tradition to follow and no group of people to respect, since the king has full authority on all final decisions anyway. [...]

[...] Louis XIV's version of absolutism was very different from the versions of other rulers for a number of reasons. One of the reasons was that his reign took place during the printing age, and the government was able to distribute a large number of pamphlets and documents promoting the regime and spreading information quickly. Hatton writes, The growth of the population, commercial expansion, improvements in banking, better means of communication?including the spread of literacy due to the new printing presses?increased the rulers' responsibilities, enabled them to get much closer to their subjects and generally made government more comprehensive.[8] These changes were so important because they allowed Louis XIV to improve his communication with the general public. [...]

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