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China: 1921-1954

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  1. Introduction
  2. Its development over the years
  3. It economic policy
  4. Conclusion

Our duty to comply with instructions (our study must extend over a period of approximately thirty years) will be limited to two events that seem to be fundamental, namely the formation of the Chinese Communist Party (which we denote by CPC throughout our study) in 1921, and the Constitution of the PRC in 1954.

This period will highlight the impact of war on the formation of a new Chinese state. Mao Tse-tung was a key figure in this rich period of wars and revolutions. In fact, according to Bianco, "Mao Tse-tung was the Lenin of the Chinese revolution before trying clumsily to become the Stalin". In addition, this period is interesting because it plunges us into the origins of some contemporary issues, and ends with the beginning of the reign of Mao Tse-tung of China.

In 1949, China was actually divided territorially into two parts. A second China, the People's China, was founded by the CCP, hence the interest that we feel for that political party was born. It was headed by Mao Tse-tung. In this respect, considering the importance of the wars before state formation, it is legitimate to question the impact of war on the formation of the People's Republic of China. Here lies our line of thought. Also, a detour through the history of the CCP is needed there. In fact, the Chinese history of the twentieth century merges with the history of the CCP, more so, since Mao Tse-tung was the head.

Our approach gradually moves towards the formation of Communist China and studies the fundamentals in the early years, which were historic. Also, our duty is divided into three parts. After apprehending the decline of dynastic China and the birth of the Chinese Communist Party, we will see 'the nationalist interregnum' and the conquest of the 'creeping' power of the Chinese Communist Party. The last part will be about the indomitable rise of the People's Republic of China.

According to Banco Lucien, to understand the history of China, we must go back to the Opium War (1839-1942). This war is fundamental because it marks "the emergence of China in history universelle." This is the beginning of the end of sinocentrism. China had to give Hong Kong to Great Britain to grant the opening of ports for its merchant ships. The sovereignty of China was further violated, bargained with the Treaty of Peking (1860).

It planned to open new ports and the establishment of permanent diplomatic missions in the capitals of U.S. and European powers. Japan's victory during the War of 1894-1895 highlights the decline of the oldest empire in the world. In fact, China was attacked and the "imperialist rivals swarmed the huge body, which eventually decomposed." They used legal tools: annexations colonial concessions, railway zones with special status To Sun Yat-sen, leader of the Chinese Nationalist Party, China is no longer "" [a] settlement and [the] slave of all nations, territorial integrity is no longer a game of appearances. '"

Tags: sinocentrism, Chinese Communist Party, Mao Tse-tung

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