Did Napoleon reconcile the Church and the State?
- Its development over the years
- It economic policy
In the aftermath of the French Revolution, the religious order was completely disorganized. Following the separation of the church and the state, led by Robespierre, the terror had been denoted by years of endless persecution of the clergy and the annihilation of the Church and all religious practices. However, the end of the terror and the return to more moderation and tolerance during the four years of the government of the Directory, led to a resurgence and redevelopment of religious practices. The arrival of Napoleon Bonaparte to power through the coup of 18 Brumaire in the Year VIII marked a return to religious belief. With the desire to keep some of the achievements of 1789 as well as the desire for modernization, the First Consul, also influenced by the Enlightenment, promoted a regeneration of religious cults, including the Catholic Church, due to which he earned the nickname the 'hero' many times. However, this name has also been controversial because of many of his actions. It is therefore necessary to consider the evolution and success or failure of the objectives pursued by Napoleon in cults. Did the return to religion, begun by the First Consul and the Emperor, help revive the basic relationship between the church and the state?