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The national construction of Quebec

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  1. The internal analysis of Michelin
    1. The ethics of Michelin.
    2. Competitive financial, technical and commercial aspects
    3. Segmentation
    4. Portfolio of products and 4Ps of Michelin
    5. Strengths / Weaknesses of Michelin
  2. The external analysis of Michelin
    1. Microenvironment: Michelin's partners
    2. Market opportunities and threats by the PESTEL method
    3. Competitive analysis and Porter's five forces
  3. SWOT analysis
  4. Strategic decisions undertaken by Michelin on SBA
    1. Passenger Vehicles
    2. Heavy Load
    3. Specialty tires
    4. Other group activities

Quebec is the only province in Canada that has a predominantly French speaking population, with the French being the official language at the provincial level. English is not deemed the official language according to the Quebec Law. One can see a clear distinction between the Francophones (French speaking population), and the Anglophones (English speaking population) in this region. Quebec is like a nation within a nation. Quebec does not like to identify itself with Canada and behaves differently.

The recent Quebec election testifies this fact. 43 out of 100 voters voted for the Quebecois Party, which offers sovereignty, and only 12 out of 100 voters voted for the Democratic Action Party. Mario Dumont, the leader of the Quebecois Party, wants the transfer of 22 jurisdictions currently occupied by the Federal government to the province of Quebec. This behavior has raised many eyebrows in Canada. Reed Scowen, a former delegate from Quebec to London and New York, has authored a book 'Time to Say Goodbye: Building a Better Canada without Quebec'.

In his book, Scowen says that it is time for people to imagine Canada without Quebec. He says that after forty years of quiet revolution, Quebec has made its point clear. It has tried to prove that it is a distinct society and that its political views are not compatible with the rest of Canada. It has been threatening separation and has been dictating the national agenda of Canada. The author says that the Federal government must stop making concessions to Quebec because the province is never going to be satisfied with the Canadian Federation. He further says that the Canadian government must not bow down to the threat of separation. Scowen, through this national best seller, calmly tries to reaffirm one point: forging a stronger and more prosperous nation together without Quebec. Increasingly, many Canadians have begun agreeing with Scowen.

History of Quebec is in its early hours marked by the creation of a separate entity reinforced by social organization. The nationalist reactions that mobilized regular French-Canadian population foreshadowed the clashes of the 20th century. Quebec nationalism is reflected in the construction of a quasi-state that Quebec is. The latter naturally opposed to the Canadian state and the resulting conflicts were strengthened by the accession of the PQ to power in 1976, undermining Canadian federalism. It seems therefore interesting to identify markers that influenced the national construction of Québec and what are the stages that led to the emergence of this Nation?

There are different definitions of the concept of nation. The first gives a naturalized version of it, considering that "a nation is a human community with awareness of being united by a historical, cultural, linguistic or religious identity, whose common feature is supposed consciousness of belonging to the same group." Another definition, by contrast, gives a de-naturalized concept of the nation. Thus, to Weber, "The Nation is an ideological phenomenon based on values." The nation is built on a belief that may at any time be varied depending on the situation in which people are. Nation-building would be the result of historical processes and practices.

Tags: Canadian federalism, French-Canadian population, History of Quebec

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