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World war I: Timeline

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  1. Introduction
  2. Preview
  3. Time line 1914 CE
  4. Time line 1915 CE
  5. Time line 1916 CE
  6. Time line 1917 CE
  7. Time line 1918 CE
  8. Time line 1919 CE
  9. Time line 1920 CE
  10. Time line: Post 1920 CE
  11. Conclusion
  12. Bibliography

World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations and the War to End All Wars, was a world conflict lasting from 1914 C.E. to 1919 C.E. Germany, Austria-Hungary and Turkey, called the Central Powers fought Britain, France and later U.S.A., called the Allies. No previous conflict had mobilized so many soldiers or involved so many in the field of battle. By the end of the war, more than 9 million people died on the battlefield and nearly 30 million on both the home fronts owing to food shortages, genocide, and ground combat. This war also witnessed large-scale air bombardments, trench warfare, the use of tanks and the use of chemical gas for the first time. This was also the first instance when large-scale civilian massacres took place, a feature of modern efficient, non-chivalrous warfare.
By the late 19th century, Europe had established dominance on the world. Countries like Britain and France established colonies all over the world whereas countries like Germany, Russia were looking for the opportunities to do the same. This led to an intense arms race the overall mood was survival of the fittest. In such a scenario, many European countries made alliances and treaties of collective defense in case of war. Such treaties also incorporated economic alliances. Germany made an alliance with Austria to counter the influence of France, and France retaliated by establishing an alliance with Russia.

The assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria by a Serbian nationalist was the spark that ignited the volatile set up. Thanks to the prevailing system of treaties and alliances, the ensuing war between Austria and Serbia pulled in other countries. Germany upheld its alliance with Austria-Hungary and took the offensive against Serbia, Russia and France. To counter German military dominance, Britain entered the war taking side of her traditional enemy France.

[...] October 29 Turkey enters the war on the side of Germany and Central Powers. November 1 Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire. November 1 Battle of Coronel. Von Spee's German cruiser squadron defeats a British Royal Navy squadron under Christopher Cradock. November 2 The United Kingdom begins naval blockade of Germany. November 3 Montenegro declares war on the Ottoman Empire. November Battle of Tanga. German general Von Lettow-Vorbeck 3?November 5 defeat the British in German East Africa. November 5 France and the United Kingdom declare war on the Ottoman Empire. [...]


[...] Dates Events January 10 First meeting of the League of Nations held in London officially ends World War I. January 10 Free City of Danzig established in Poland. January 21 Paris Peace Conference ends. February 10 A plebiscite returns Northern Schleswig to Denmark. April Conference of Sanremo, Italy, about League of Nations 19?April 26 mandates in former Ottoman territories of the Middle East. June 4 Treaty of Trianon between the Allies and Hungary. August 10 Treaty of Sevres between the Allies and the Ottoman Empire. [...]


[...] October 14 Bulgaria declares war on Serbia October 15 The United Kingdom declares war on Bulgaria. October 16 France declares war on Bulgaria. October Third Battle of the Isonzo between Austria and 18?November 4 Italy. Battle ends in stalemate. October 19 Italy and Russia declare war on Bulgaria. October 27 French army lands in Salonika and, with the help of British and Italian troops, sets up a Balkan Front. November 4 Henry Ford's peace ship, Oskar II, begins its voyage to Europe November Fourth Battle of the Isonzo between Austria and 10?December 2 Italy. [...]

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