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Policing development and operation trends paper

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  1. Introduction
  2. Organizational management
    1. Watchman
    2. Legalistic
    3. Service
  3. Administration policing
  4. Operational policing
  5. Conclusion

The United States Government has developed what is referred to as the criminal justice system. This system is broken into multi-tier organizations and agencies; though while similar in terms of goals the systems are separate. There are three main systems within the tiered system: Local, State, and Federal. These systems operate in a similar manner, but remain as three separate entities. Each agency relies heavily on their ability to be organized and maintain effective administration in order to operate in a successful manner. The American criminal justice system takes consideration on past trends in order to evolve with future policing.

Law enforcement systems are fragmented and determined primarily by geography, politics, regional customs, and specific organizational structures. The United States policing system derives from historic English policing where cities and towns grew out of an early reliance on bailiffs, or watchmen. In 1829, Sir Robert Peel also known as the ?father? became the creator of the world's first modern police force, the London Metropolitan America. The London police introduced the basis for modern police: mission, strategy, and organizational structure. The mission was crime prevention rather than post-crime detection and punishment. Officers would be visible throughout the community by patrolling fixed beats. The new police wore uniforms, state employees, and guidelines were set to improve the community relations and professional behavior. Officers became known as Bobbies after their founder as the central law enforcement figures. The Modern American policing consists of three eras, the Political Era, the Reform Era, and the Community Era, each possessing personal policing style of watchman, legalistic, and service (Walker & Katz, 2008).

[...] The new police wore uniforms, state employees, and guidelines were set to improve the community relations and professional behavior. Officers became known as Bobbies after their founder as the central law enforcement figures. The Modern American policing consists of three eras, the Political Era, the Reform Era, and the Community Era, each possessing personal policing style of watchman, legalistic, and service (Walker & Katz, 2008). Watchman The Political Era 1840s-1930s, was the watchman style of policing that focused on order maintenance rather than letter of the law enforcement. [...]


[...] These laws are in place to protect the public and provide the police officers the necessary tools and resources to combat crime effectively while making sure the communities remain secure and free of crime. According to Modern Policing (2011), one part of the operation policing system is the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE) that regards the way in which police conduct their arrests, evidence gathering, and charges. The PACE lays out the guidelines to be utilized when police officers are making an arrest, searching for evidence and prosecuting alleged criminals. [...]


[...] In civil service a person's rank allows him or her to only do the jobs that come with that particular title. This can make it difficult for higher ranking officers, such as a police chief to terminate or discipline a problem officer (Walker & Katz, 2008). Police organizations are tightly structures bureaucracies, models after military organization. Though each region or department has its own variation on this theme, they are similarly hierarchical. Variances are due primarily to the size of the department, the kind of crimes typical of the region, and the expectations of citizens. [...]


[...] This officer thinks of policing as an opportunity to help others. He or she will purse alternative strategies to arrest and encourages the use of community programs to reduce social conditions that created an environment for crime (Walker & Katz, 2008). Police officers must play many roles to accomplish their responsibilities and are the most important decision makers in policing and the gatekeepers of the entire criminal justice system. As a requirement, police officers must possess the ability to communicate effectively within his or her agency and outside within the community. [...]

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