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Prison system

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case study
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  1. Introduction
  2. The State prison system
  3. The Federal prison system
  4. Two levels with many tiers

?Of the more than 1,300,000 felons in prison in 2003, the great majority were held in state prisons in various levels of security, from supermax to open.? (Foster, 2003) The six different types of state prisons that were listed in the text, Corrections: the fundamentals were Super Max-security prisons, Maximum-security prisons, Close-high-security prisons, Medium-security prisons, Minimum-security prisons, and Open-security facilities. Maximum-security prisons are normally located in older buildings, considering the first state prisons opened were all maximum-security prisons. Super Max-security prisons are the highest level of state prisons. In Super Max-security prisons all offenders are on permanent lock-down. The next level is Maximum-security prisons. Maximum-security prisons hold about 12 percent of the states offenders. Maximum-security prisons have the smallest correctional officer-offender ratio because all offenders are housed in either a one or a two person cell.

The next level of state prisons is the Close-high-security prisons. ?In some states, these are considered a kind of maximum security, though the security measures are less restrictive and the ratio of inmates to guards may be higher. About 16 percent of state inmates are held in this classification.? (Foster, 2003) The following state prison level is Medium-security prisons. Medium-security prisons house the highest amount of offenders at 35 percent of the state's felons. Medium-security prisons are fairly newer buildings are the rooms are in the form of dormitories.

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