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The evolution of the Federal state

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There are two types of states among the 191 countries of the world. These are the unitary and federal states. The latter is traditionally defined as a state composed of other states: Member States, which have variable names; provinces in Canada, Switzerland Cantons, Lander in Germany or Austria, or a state in Brazil or United States. Russia, in turn, is composed of 89 subjects. The form of federal state, which has slight differences from the regionalized unitary state, is now the most common form of state among the big states where it has been proved to be relatively effective.

The global spread of the federal model seems to confirm the famous prediction of P.J.Proudhon that "the 20th century opens era of federations, or humanity will resume a purgatory of a thousand years!" It is a system which, because of the division of powers between the union and the federal states, has the advantage of combining flexibility and efficiencies. The foundations of federalism led an organization of this form of state principles and common techniques. An evolution of this system is ultimately a reflection of the difficulties and the emergence of new trends in this type of state.

There lies a difference between the decentralized unitary state and the federal government. This does not mean that this difference is negligible. Of course, member states have skills of a federal standard and act as local authorities in a unitary state to receive a national standard, but to local authorities the Federated States it can adopt a constitution, so they have the legislature. The origins of the federal state and the transition to this type of state: As always when it comes to the state, the historical conditions of the transition to federalism are important. There are generally two modes of formation of a federal system.

Tags: Federated States, decentralized unitary state, flexibility and efficiencies

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