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The U.S. Supreme Court cases that deal with the constitutionality of laws on racial segregation - Plessy vs. Ferguson in1896 and Brown vs the Board of Education in 1954

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  1. Introduction
  2. The themes highlighted
  3. Attitudes of the characters and mafia
  4. Sequence analysis

Both these cases (i.e. Plessy vs. Ferguson and Brown vs. Board of Education) took place after major conflicts. Plessy vs Ferguson happened after the end of the Civil War which marked the end of political slavery and outlawed segregation.
Brown vs. the Board of Education took place after the Second World War and the world realized the monstrous effects of the racist policy of the Nazi movement.

The result of the first case was the invalidation of a law that required railway companies to make necessary divisions for segregation. To obtain the invalidation of this law that was passed in 1890, Homer Plessy agreed to break the law to bring the matter before the courts. He sat in a train compartment that was reserved for whites and made sure the authorities knew that he was of a mixed race. In a decision in1896, Plessy was charged before the District Court of New Orleans, under the judiciary of Louisiana. It was up to the Supreme Court of Louisiana to stop the prosecution against him. But the changing of the law was a constitutional matter and so had to be taken to the Supreme Court.

In the case of Brown vs. the Board of Education, Linda Brown was a black student who lived in Kansas and was denied enrollment in a white school. The father of Linda Brown challenged the decision in court in a complaint partnership with an association that worked for the black cause. At the same time, several such complaints were filed by other states.

The judge at the Federal Court Trial acknowledged that segregation meant depriving black students of certain opportunities but rejected the request. Other states like Delaware ordered the immediate admission of black students into white schools.

What did the Supreme Court think of the constitutionality of the laws on racial segregation?
In Plessy vs. Ferguson, the law recognized the constitutionality of the law by imposing segregation on public transportation. The decision they made in the Brown vs. Board of Education rejected racial segregation in public education and declared the law to be unconstitutional.

These two judgments of the Supreme Court reflect contrary legal and Social movements, the first acknowledged racial segregation and the latter rejects it and suggests the emergence of desegregation movement.

Tags - Linda Brown, racial discrimination, Homer Plessy

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