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Europe's contribution to the defense of Human Rights

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  1. The invention of television or a succession of discoveries
    1. The discoveries that introduced the invention of television
    2. The birth of the term "television"
    3. From the mechanical television (1925-1931) to the electric television (1932-1945)
  2. Television in the footsteps of players like the radio
    1. The FCC and Congress: state control
    2. The networks: diffusion
    3. U.S. companies: financing
  3. Television and the American public
    1. Television proved to the Americans
    2. The placing of television sets on the market
    3. Programs
  4. Conclusion

The Preamble to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union states - "The peoples of Europe, in the interest of creating unity between them, decided to share a peaceful future based on common values."
As one of its priorities, Europe should promote and defend those rights on which it has been built.In this paper we explore the specific powers that Europe has to defend human rights and how effectively these powers are used.

The first part of this paper deals with the institutions that help defend Human Rights such as The European Court of Human Rights and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. The second part will focus on the limitations that Europe faces when it comes to the implementation of these rights.

The existence of the European Court of Human Rights and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union demonstrates the importance of human rights.
The European Court of Human Rights is based in Strasbourg and was set up at the European Convention for the Protection of Fundamental Freedoms and Human Rights that was signed in Rome on November 4, 1950. This was seven years before the Treaty of Rome was signed and the European Economic Community was created. This Convention met under the auspices of the European Council and now, forty-one states have ratified it.

It is not necessary to be a member of the European Union to sign the Convention as it is independent of other European institutions.The ECHR thinks that the rights that have been enunciated by the Convention should be incorporated in national positive law. In the case of French law, under Article 55 of the Constitution, treaties have precedence over laws.

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