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Immigration of highly skilled workers to the United States

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  1. Introduction
  2. The brain drain
    1. Focus: Well-educated individuals
    2. The Canberra manual on human resources
  3. The pool of highly skilled immigrants
    1. The H-1B visa program
    2. The sponsorship system
    3. Permanent employment
    4. Professionals from India and China
  4. Fear of the immigration of foreign workers
  5. The mixture of foreign and national workers
  6. The influence of Indian and Chinese immigrants in the US
  7. The best way for India to decrease the gap between itself and developed nations
  8. The Chinese immigration
  9. Conclusion

The rapidly escalating immigration of highly skilled individuals to the United States demonstrates the diminishing role of national politics in an increasingly supranational global economy. Workers pursue opportunities beyond the confines of national borders, and corporations are able to meet the exceedingly high demand for skilled workers in a cost-effective manner by recruiting foreign nationals. Large-scale emigration of highly skilled workers, the brain drain, deeply affects both the United States, and the two largest providers of skilled migrant workers to the US, India and the People's Republic of China. Many industrialized nations find themselves in greater need of an educated labor force to supply the current demand for such workers caused by recent and significant advancements in technology. Skilled workers from both India and China have taken advantage of available employment opportunities by migrating to the US in search of better life prospects. The consequential effects of this wide scale migration pattern are exacerbated by the overwhelming demand for skilled workers in the technology field, legislative loopholes, self-interested corporate policy and insufficient efforts of the developing nation to retain its highly skilled workers.

[...] Despite these efforts, the United States remains a popular destination, and there is immense pressure from friends and family for skilled members to go abroad and act as a bridge into the free world.[28] Another important factor in the brain drain is the feelings of the people migrating. In this case, the migration is a win-win situation. Individuals have an opportunity to obtain a higher level of education, and have unique experiences in a society with a unique culture and values. [...]

[...] Temporary immigrants also make up a large portion of the United States population of highly skilled workers which, can be compared to other nations below: As seen in the chart, India is leading country in sending educated labor to the US. The overall influx of Indian immigrants has been steadily rising for the past three decades, increasing from 50,000 people in 1970 to 722,000 in 1998.[17] Of those 722,000 only was living in poverty compared to 31% of Mexican immigrants in the US. [...]

[...] Moreover, the immigration of highly skilled workers is viewed as a far less significant problem for US authorities than the effects of immigration by untrained laborers. Therefore, the Immigration and Naturalization Service has focused its efforts on curtailing the immigration of unskilled laborers and retained a relatively relaxed attitude in its approach to the immigration of highly skilled workers. There are two main immigration programs in the United States; the first admits permanent residents with green cards who have a choice in where they work, the second program admits non-immigrants with H-1B visas who later can adjust their status to immigrant. [...]

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