American federalism and its state unity
- PART I: The Kyoto Protocol
- Global warming
- The vertices of the earth
- The contents of the Protocol
- PART II: American diplomacy around the Kyoto Protocol
- General Remarks
- The positions of the presidents of the United States before the Kyoto Protocol
- The presidencies of Bill Clinton (1993-2001)
- The term of George W. Bush (2001-2009)
Federalism began in the United States in 1787 and it has, so far remained a federal government.
Federalism is a political concept in which a group of members are bound together by covenant with a governing representative head. A Federal Government is characterized by the coexistence of two legal systems, a separate international entity which overlaps on individual states where the Federal System serves as a link.
The loyalty of the population and political tradition permits American federalism. The unity of the state, that is to say, the consistency of power is based on the balance of power between the federal executive and the Federated States on one hand and on the other, the identification that links these two parts with each other. However, the construction of a state is not fixed and political doctrines are constantly changing.
In this paper we look at the following titles:
I. The unity of the state leads to a centralization of power
Under this we discuss ?
A. Centralization: the product of history
In 1787, the United States became a federation to strengthen itself against Great Britain. Therefore, the unity of the state engages in a centripetal dynamic, that is to say that the Federated States gradually yield their prerogatives in favor of federal power.
B. The division of powers promotes federal state
At the level of a state, the governor is a replica of the President of the United States i.e.at the state level, he is the center of power. This principle is fundamental as it prevents a split of the state and maintains its unity.
II. Unitary federalism
A. In theory - the protection of federalism by institutions of the government
B. In practice, the decline of the Federated States of localism and broadcasting