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Articles 1.2 and 3 of the Swiss Constitution

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  1. Introduction
  2. The right to strike in Europe
    1. The right to strike and the European law
    2. Conditions the right to strike
    3. The effects of the strike
  3. Limiting the right to strike in Europe
    1. Limits depending on the status
    2. Limits of units
    3. Limits by sector
  4. The minimum service
    1. United Kingdom: An exception to the rule
    2. Spain and Portugal: A minimum service in the Constitution
    3. Italy: A minimum service for the respect of human rights
    4. France
    5. The countries of Eastern Europe : A minimum service to maintain the production process
  5. Conclusion

There are two types of States, one is a Unitary State like France, and then there are federal states and confederations such as the United States and Switzerland. These are based on two fundamental principles: autonomy and participation. Switzerland is a landlocked country in Central Europe.

It is surrounded by Germany, France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. Switzerland is made up of a federation of 26 Swiss cantons. In 1999 Switzerland acknowledged its third constitution (the previous ones were that of 1848 and 1874). It was accepted by a double majority of the cantons and the Swiss People on April 18, 1999 and it came into force on 1st January 2000. This constitution organizes the functioning of the State and its relationship with the cantons, it guarantees a certain number of rights to the citizens and directs the social goals of its policy.

The preamble shows the desire of the people and cantons to strengthen their ideals of freedom, democracy, independence and to live together with mutual respect and solidarity. This constitution is a reorganization of previous constitutions. Switzerland began as a confederation (which is the association of independent states that, by mere treaties, delegate the exercise of certain powers to organs for coordinating their policies in a number of areas without creating a new state that superimposes on the Member states).

Tags - Switzerland, Unitary States, Federations

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