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Executive power in the Italian Republic

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  1. Introduction
  2. The 1960s
  3. The 1990s
  4. The 2000s
  5. Conclusion

"I swear to be faithful to the Republic, to faithfully observe the Constitution and laws, and perform my duties in the exclusive interest of the nation" ("di essere Fedele Giuro alla Repubblica diosservane lealmente the Costituzione e leggi e di esercitare on theeconomy funzione della nazione nell'interesse escluviso)

This is the oath that the President of the Italian Council needs to take before he can begin his duties.
The Italian republic was born in 1946 and this date is important because it ushered in a new regime. The desire to end fascism is one of the reasons that led to the drafting of the Italian Constitution. In 1946, Italy entered the ranks of the great modern democracies.

And as in any modern democracy, the constitution observes a strict separation of powers. The legislature concerns the enactment of laws, the judiciary deals with the scrupulous observation of the laws and then we have the executive.
In this paper we will pay great attention to the Executive because it is a major political force in the Republic of Italy.

First we will try to define the Executive. The executive is a function of momentum, it must ensure the enforcement of laws. We're here as part of a dualistic parliamentary system i.e. the executive power is vested both in the President and a strong ministerial body under a legislative parliament that consists of two chambers.

The Italian executive is composed of the President of the Republic (AP Giorgio Napolitano) and a team of ministers that is headed by the Prime Minister or the "Premier" (Silvio Berlusconi), there are about 26 (including 8 ministers without portfolio that is to say they are not in charge of a department), but a peculiarity of the Italian system is the the appearance of the under secretaries of the State, who now 52 in number.

There is a a dual executive but we can ask ourselves about its dual character, in fact, one can raise doubts about the tier of the Italian parliamentary system as we shall see that the powers within the executive are quite unbalanced.

The Italian constitutional history has been marked by economic and social crises. It has also had political problems and extreme instability of the government since 1946.. After they banned the fascist party, emerged the predominance of Christian democracy and the rise of communist ideals in the 70s.

There was a climate of social unrest. Then Italy saw the emergence of parties such as the Forza Italia of Silvio Berlusconi in coalition with the Aleanza Nazionale that was led by Gianfranco Fini, the Christian Democrats then ended up bursting in 1994 and in 1996, the coalition led by Romano Prodi Ulivo and gave rise to a new order of government instability. The most stable government in their history is the Republican Italian of the Berlusconi government that was in power between 2001 and 2006.

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