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The Enlightenment Project and how it impacted Christian theology

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  1. Introduction.
    1. The originally Cartesian idea.
    2. The shift in general perception of the world as an entity.
  2. The relationship which currently exists between modern culture and theology.
  3. The clash between modernism and theology.
    1. Edmund Burke comments.
    2. Theology as an answer to all questions - during The Enlightenment.
    3. Modernism.
  4. Christianity and the plurality of religions.
  5. Christianity and feminism.
  6. Religion in a consumer age.
  7. Christianity and science.
  8. Conclusion.

Typically identified as a movement among eighteenth century philosophers in France, Britain and Germany, The Enlightenment Project, also known as ?The Age of Enlightenment,' or simply ?The Enlightenment,' bridged the seventeenth century's ?Age of Reason' with the nineteenth century's ?Age of Ideology.' The Enlightenment consisted of eighteenth century philosophers attempting to extrapolate from ideas put forth in The Age of Reason a means by which Reason's purely logical and scientific approach could be integrated into philosophical terms. Generally attributed to have begun with Sir Isaac Newton in the early eighteenth century, great thinkers across Europe began to attribute serious importance to the work of men such as Descartes, Spinoza, Copernicus and Galileo. If a common thread can be found throughout these works, it is the idea that through logic, research and reason, it is possible for man to investigate and fully understand the world around him.

[...] All three aspects of the Christian God appearing as make, despite the earliest Greek and Hebrew texts which used pronouns not affiliated with gender. The male domination of society promoted belief in a bible which marginalized women for centuries. Christians have historically cited verses such as Rom. 1Cor. 7:39, 1Tim. 2:11, and 1Cor. 14:34 as justification for recognizing a woman's Every one of these verses emphasizes that women must submit to their husbands, only work in the home, only learn at home from their husbands, and not participate in ministries where they are in positions of authority over men. [...]


[...] 120) Modern Christian apologetics cater to the modernist world though, by providing rationale and evidence meant to lure sceptics into becoming believers. Modernism and theology are locked in a dynamic, indescribably complicated relationship and probably always will be. The legacy of The Enlightenment is a world based more on human powers of reason than on what have been labelled beliefs grown out of superstition and fear. Despite the ?liberation? which has come with modernity, perhaps the world has become too narrowly focused on the concept of ?scientific proof,? to realize that disallowing acceptance of the possibility that true ineffability exists cuts humanity off from maturing, much as Edmund Burke thought the French Revolution was short-sightedly focused on the concept of ?liberty.? No matter how much we strive for scientific proof, sometimes it simply is not there. [...]


[...] (Pilon 2000, p48) If there was an exact, watershed moment when theology as an answer to all questions was overtaken by reason as the dominant thought process throughout the modern world and there most certainly is it did not happen during The Enlightenment. It is more likely to have happened during the nineteenth century within the of Ideology.? (Aiken 1956, p1) The Enlightenment certainly set the stage for the dynamic and prolific spate of philosophers who, in the nineteenth century, contributed to the more mature lexicon of modern thought, the lexicon which helps us to believe humans are capable of understanding the world around them. [...]

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