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The Supreme Court: America’s judicial body of power

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  1. Abstract.
  2. Introduction.
  3. Instituting a democratic government.
  4. Separation of power.
  5. The judiciary.
  6. Creation of the Supreme Court.
  7. Evolution of the Supreme Court.
  8. Rise of power.
  9. Marbury versus Madison: An influential case.
  10. Present jurisdiction.
  11. The court's checks and balances of power.
  12. Qualifications and appointments.
  13. Judicial independence.
  14. Political tendencies.
  15. Judicial Activism/Judicial Conservatism.
  16. Conclusions.
  17. Recommendations.

This paper analyzes the ways in which the Supreme Court's function has transformed, its current structure, and the issues that presently surround the Court. In order to maintain freedom and prosperity for the American people, the founding fathers explicitly divided up government responsibilities in the Constitution. A separation of power ensures protection against tyranny. The writers of the Constitution set up the Supreme Court to lead the Judiciary, the third and weakest branch of the government, and to direct lower, federal courts when necessary. Throughout time, various Court rulings have transitioned the Court's jurisdiction. Today, the Court interprets the Constitution, leads the federal court system, and directs state courts on federal matters.

[...] With the capability to override state courts on federal issues, the Supreme Court clearly established itself as the true power of the judicial branch. Although the Supreme Court had always been the highest court, it was never before so unreachable by all other courts. State courts previously had possessed great power that no longer would be solely granted to them. The Court began to gain new power and enlarge its jurisdiction with each new case. Present Jurisdiction The Supreme Court maintains the powers outlined in the Constitution, granted by past Court decisions, and agreed upon by the United States Congress. [...]

[...] The Supreme Court and the ways in which it exercises power is a true issue only because many hold the Court to a higher standard than the other branches of the government. Recommendations The Supreme Court, as a component of the government, performs fairly well. However, if the Court wishes to more fully separate itself from the executive and legislative powers, the Court can more seriously pursue a state of true judicial independence. Justices can either voluntarily refrain themselves better, or?on a more permanent note?could propose strict guidelines to be legally implemented regarding the conduct of Court justices. [...]

[...] Table of Contents Abstract Table of Contents Introduction Instituting a Democratic Government Separation of Power The Judiciary Creation of the Supreme Court Evolution of the Supreme Court Rise of Power Marbury versus Madison: An Influential Case Other Early, Important Cases Present Jurisdiction The Court's Checks and Balances of Power Checks Balances The Position of Justice Qualifications and Appointments Employment and Dismissal A Question of Neutrality Judicial Independence Judicial Restraint Political Tendencies Concerns Judicial Activism/Judicial Conservatism Various Interpretations of the Constitution Background and Expertise Consequences of Controversial Judgments A Possible Struggle for Power Figure Exaggerated Arguments about the Supreme Court Conclusions Recommendations References Introduction The Supreme Court, as the highest court in America, rules the Judiciary and balances power between the executive and legislative branches. [...]

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