Brown v Mississippi
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Friday March 30th, 1934. A sixty-year old White planter from the Giles community in Mississippi, Raymond Stewart, was found mutilated at approximately 1 o'clock that day, in his house. The police had discovered his body, and requested a physician come. The wounds, large gashes that looked slated, were thought to be caused by an ax. As the police investigated, a large amount of people started to crowd, which became a mob of people. The police investigated and were aware that robbery was involved, and the possibility that the murderers tried to burn his house down was quite feasible based on evidence like a destroyed lamp, and the fact that Mr. Stewart was burned on places on his body.
While the mob lingered, the Sheriff of the area, J.D. Adcock, arrested Mr. Ed Brown, a thirty-year old tenant on Stewart's farm. He was an obvious suspect, and I seem to think that he arrested Mr. Brown partially to appease the crowd. Also on that day, Mr. Henry Shields was arrested in correlation to the Stewart case. Mr. Shields, twenty-seven at the time, lived half a mile away from Stewart's house.
[...] Justices Clark, Brennan, Douglas, Black and Warren all concurred. Justices Harlan, Whittaker, Frankfurter and Stewart all dissented. The dissenters, led by Harlan, claimed that this case was no reason to re-evaluate the precedents set by Wolf v. Colorado. He also felt the matter in question was not what the five judges agreed on, but " whether states are Constitutionally free to follow it or not as they themselves determine." One of the most important outcomes of this court case is that the power the police have- to arrest, investigate, and utilize their privileges over suspects- was limited. [...]
[...] On April 1st, Dial returned to the jail where Shields and Brown were being held. He had them undress, and lie over chairs, where he then tied them to the chair, and beat them with a leather strap that was studded with metal. Dial continued to threaten violence. He told them that he wanted them to confess to the murders, and they too agreed. The authorities decided that they would waste no time in trying the three men, and got a grand jury set up, consisting of two sheriffs and eight white men. [...]
[...] The reason why Brown v Mississippi was such an important case is that it sets a new standard for the rights of the accused. Suspects, whether or not they are guilty at the time of interrogation, are innocent until proven guilty. If we live in a country where ?Liberty and justice for is the main slogan, it is not present when our government officials beat us to confess. The basis of which our constitution was founded was the Bill of Rights, which stresses the rights of man. [...]