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Plessy v. Ferguson: Utilizing the technique of shepardizing to see relationships among cases

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  1. Introduction
  2. The first case and violation of rights
  3. Justice Harlan's opinion for the case
  4. Appeal to the United States Supreme Court
  5. Definiton of [ti]disturbing the peace[ti]
  6. Conclusion

In 1890, the Louisiana State legislature passed Act 111, also known as the Separate Car Act. This required white and African American people to be given ?separate but equal? accommodations on railway trains. It required that: ?All railway companies carrying passengers in their coaches in this state, shall provide equal but separate accommodations for the white, and colored races, by providing two or more passenger coaches for each passenger train, or by dividing the passenger coaches by a partition so as to secure separate accommodations?No person or persons shall be permitted to occupy seats in coaches, other than the ones assigned to them, on account of the race they belong to.? A second part of the statute mentioned that the officers of the train have the authority to assign each passenger to the correct compartment, and that any passenger insisting on sitting where he does not belong shall be liable by a fine or imprisonment.

[...] Contrary to the majority opinion, Justice Harlan believed that by keeping the African Americans segregated from the Caucasian travelers, the state of Louisiana imposed a ?badge of slavery.? It was fostering the inferiority of the African Americans to the Caucasians. The case of Plessy v. Ferguson, became the main building block for the doctrine of ?separate but equal,? a concept has been argued about, questioned, and even overturned in many cases since 1896. One such case that used Plessy as a resource in developing its decisions and opinions would be the 1917 case of Buchanan v. Warley (245 U.S. 60). [...]

[...] On May the state of Kentucky approved a municipal ordinance, entitled: ordinance to prevent conflict and ill-feeling between the white and colored races in the city of Louisville, and to preserve the public peace and promote the general welfare, by making reasonable provisions requiring, as far as practicable, the use of separate blocks, for residences, places of abode, and places of assembly by white and colored people respectively.? Though relatively self-explanatory, this ordinance prohibited a white or African American person from moving into a house on a block where the greater number of houses was already occupied by people of the opposite race. [...]

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