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Jury selection in the United States of America

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  1. Required conditions
  2. Interdictions
  3. Incompatibilities
  4. Designation of jury
  5. Function term
  6. Possible excuses
  7. The elimination of jurors
  8. A scientific selection?
  9. A racial selection?

In the United States, when a trial takes place, it begins with the jury selection, which is the process whereby, according to law and precedent, members of a particular trial jury are chosen. The right to have a jury dates from the Magna Carta and it is incorporated in the Sixth Amendment of the Bill of Rights, the 17th Sept. 1787, which theoretically guarantees the right to an impartial jury: "in all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury". Indeed, the Federal jury selection and service act in 1968 recognized the right of defendants to a Grand jury and to a petty jury selected randomly from a representative cross-section of the population where the judicature sit. At federal level, the law organizes the recruitment of juries in two steps: - constitution of a general list - selection of jurors within the list, who will sit in the determined case.

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