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Drug related offenses

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  1. Introduction
  2. The addiction and the drug related offences
  3. Drug related offences: A worldwide plague
    1. The state of the world: Datas
    2. The specificity of the united kingdom
  4. Efforts to reduce drug related crimes
    1. A worldwide fight
    2. United kingdom's efforts
  5. Focus on the web of a particular threat: Heroin
  6. Conclusion

In modern societies it is easy to recognize that consuming drugs is an every day reality. It is not only taking heroin or marijuana, but also smoking, taking painkillers, having a coffee, a tea or excessive intake of alcohol on Saturday as a required ?Saturday night? obligation. The illegal drug market remains a major income of the international and also national organized crime. Obviously, the same could be said about the market of the so-called legal drugs which involve the main pharmaceutical firms, or the powerful manufacturers of tobacco, alcohol. My study focuses mainly on the impact of the usage of illegal drugs. Transporting, producing, dealing, consuming any kind of illegal substances is only a part of the offenses drugs can induce. Entering the web of drug abuse can lead to different sorts of violent, sometimes desperate behaviors like assault or prostitution to fund the demanding habit. Throughout the twentieth century, the states have progressively become concerned with the frightening spread of the illegal drug addiction and its damaging effect. Thus a whole range of different tools have been implemented throughout the world to fight it.

[...] The recent history of the heroin spread is quite interesting to understand the historical connection of this drug and crime. By the early twentieth century, opium and its derivatives, morphine and heroin, had become a major global commodity equivalent in scale to other drugs such as coffee and tea. However in England and America a moral reaction to these excesses emerged. The expansion of drugs abuse inspired a global anti-opium movement. Individuals control over their body was restricted notably with the passage of the Harrison's Narcotics Act in 1914 in the American state. [...]

[...] This study aims at understanding how the drugs world is related to crime, and will stress upon the drug defined offences. Different steps can be taken: first observation of the problems induced by addiction; secondly, the impact of Drug Related Crime as a worldwide plague; thirdly, the answers provided to reduce it. Finally a focus on a particular threat: the heroin web. I The addiction and the drug related offences As we are here dealing with the scope of drugs it is necessary to stop for a moment on the meaning of this word. [...]

[...] II- Drug related offences : a worldwide plague A -The state of the world: datas Like many forms of organized crime, the drugs market can be likened to a legitimate business. Hazel Croall like many recognizes that is a multi- million pound, global industry dominated by highly organized criminal syndicates?[12]. The Drugs business may not be characterized by monopolistic control, but it has to be admitted that it does involve criminal cartels and conspiracies, which in turn may involve ?legitimate? actors.[13] However these so-called syndicates are relatively few, and the industry largely consists of smaller enterprises where each one is allotted a specific function in the web.[14] As it is a plague affecting the whole world, this global business has been studied by the United Nations. [...]

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