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The United Nations and the French State on the crisis in Ivory Coast

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  1. Introduction
  2. The 1960s
  3. The 1990s
  4. The 2000s
  5. Conclusion

A large part of the International Law would not exist if there was an absence of armed conflict. The world saw the creation of the League of Nations in 1919, after the First World War and then the creation of the United Nations in 1945 after the Second World War. The main purpose of these organizations was the preservation of world peace.

There can be two kinds of actions that can be taken for the purpose of the preservation of world peace. International law aims to prevent any conflicts but despite its best efforts it is obvious that all wars cannot be prevented, some conflicts take place. These conflicts could be within a single state or between different States. If the various agencies (including the United Nations) cannot prevent these clashes, they must try to solve them. That is exactly what is happening in Cote d'Ivoire or the Ivory Coast.

First we will try to understand the context of this conflict.
The period preceding the colonization of the Ivory coast will not be addressed for two main reasons. First because there is little that is known about this period and second this period is not relevant to our study.

The first contact the coast had with France was in 1637, when the first European missionaries stepped on Ivorian soil. During the 18th century, two ethnic groups settled in this territory, the Baule and Agni. The French colonialists then gradually stretched across the Ivorian region, until 1915. The country officially became a French colony on March 10, 1893. The Ivorians were the only French subjects without any effective legal representation that evolved. Indeed, the first constituent assembly of 1946 and the loyalty of the Africans to France led to some reforms whose main effects were to grant French citizenship to the Ivorians, thus, giving them the ability to organize themselves politically and abolish forced labor.

In 1956, the State took a big step towards independence when they framed the law that shifted some powers that were held by the French government to local authorities. The Law also homogenized voting conditions.

The referendum of December 1958 made the Ivory Coast an autonomous republic. However, the effectiveness of the independence did not occur until August 7, 1960. The Ivorian government is still very close to France, who, in this way has retained some control over its former colony (many French investments are made the Ivorian economy and the Bank of France controls the currency of the Coast Ivory)

The Ivorian conflict is also sometimes called the Ivorian crisis, which is related to the issue of Ivorian citizenship (this poses numerous problems, including that of property as only a citizen can buy property in the Ivory Coast). Because of this, an attempted coup took place on September 19, 2002, then a rebellion began in place in the North. It quickly evolved and managed to control 60% of the territory.

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