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Aspects of substantive international law

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  1. The invention of television or a succession of discoveries
    1. The discoveries that introduced the invention of television
    2. The birth of the term "television"
    3. From the mechanical television (1925-1931) to the electric television (1932-1945)
  2. Television in the footsteps of players like the radio
    1. The FCC and Congress: state control
    2. The networks: diffusion
    3. U.S. companies: financing
  3. Television and the American public
    1. Television proved to the Americans
    2. The placing of television sets on the market
    3. Programs
  4. Conclusion

This study is divided into two main sections
Title 1 ? Peace
Title 2- Development
The two chapters under Title 1 study the methods of ?Peace by Peaceful Settlement of Disputes' and
?Peace through regulation of the use of force'. The two chapters under Title 2 study ?Development through economic growth' and ?Development by promoting community'.
As we are unable to study in detail all the aspects of international law, it is important know how to choose our areas carefully based on identifying what can be considered the essence of international law.

According to Rene-Jean Dupuy,international law is:

(1) with relation to relationships, to ensure peaceful relations between the subjects of law

(2) and on an institutional level, an attempt to promote the common good.

These objectives reflect the search for peace (Part 1) and development research (2nd Title).
There is no legal definition of peace, there only exists an observation i.e. peace is the absence of war.War is defined as: An armed conflict between states starting with a declaration of war and ending with a peace treaty.Wars used to be a way of settling international disputes but now the absence of the use of force is a peremptory part of international law. Unfortunately armed conflicts persist and as a result, the agencies of international law will need to use force.

Two approaches to this will lead to the study of this first title devoted to peace:
(1) Peace by peaceful settlement of disputes (Chapter 1)
(2) The regulation of the use of force (Chapter 2)

The development of a nation retains an economic dimension.
There is indeed a close link between the individual and the community that gives the individual a sense of development, growth, community. The objective is the well-being of the individual.

The General Assembly will act on the basis of a general jurisdiction to the extent that it will discuss and make recommendations on issues that are related to peacekeeping. The General Assembly may refer the issue to the Security Council or recommend measures to settle the situation peacefully.

But the role of the General Assembly in the peaceful settlement of disputes remains a subsidiary.

The only time the General Assembly seems to have enough leeway is when the Security Council is blocked by a veto. In this case the Assembly again becomes a place of debate.

The resolution of Dean Acheson on November 3, 1950 that was motivated by blocking the Security Council (by a veto ) is the best known example where the power was transferred to the General Assembly from the Security Council.

This shows that:

- The situation is not always unfavorable for the General Assembly when there are strong antagonisms within the Security Council.

- During a consensus, the Assembly resumed a limited role.

Today, the General Assembly is back on these issues as the use of the veto is moderate in the Security Council.
The General Assembly may also, within the frameworks of its power, use all means that it deems peaceful for the settlement of disputes.

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