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International regulation on chemical and bacteriological weapons

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  1. Intoduction
  2. PART I: The Kyoto Protocol
    1. Global warming
    2. The vertices of the earth
    3. The contents of the Protocol
  3. PART II: American diplomacy around the Kyoto Protocol
    1. General Remarks
    2. The positions of the presidents of the United States before the Kyoto Protocol
    3. The presidencies of Bill Clinton (1993-2001)
    4. The term of George W. Bush (2001-2009)
  4. Conclusion

The regulations on chemical weapons have been around for a while now. The Brussels Declaration of 1874 banned the use of chemicals and related poisonous substances in war. The Hague Conference of 1899 expressed the prohibition of use of projectiles whose sole purpose is to asphyxiate or suffocate by emission of noxious gases.

However as per the Geneva Protocol on 17 June 1925, the most important text is on the Prohibition of the Use of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases and bacteriological methods in war. This text, which unfortunately does not prohibit their production and their storage is therefore more important in respect of humanitarian law, is the first of the three stages of multilateralism.

This first layer of regulation represented an important advance at the time, despite its imperfections. It was soon followed by two other strata that form the heart of the current regulations.

The first is a little less imperfect than the previous one, but it is the Convention on the Prohibition of Biological Weapons that was signed on 10 April 1972. The second is often presented as a model of disarmament treaty and is the Convention on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons signed on 13 January 1993.

Tags: Geneva Protocol, Chemical Warfare, Brussels Declaration, Chemical Warfare Prohibition

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