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The distinction between crime and crime under international law

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  1. The invention of television or a succession of discoveries
    1. The discoveries that introduced the invention of television
    2. The birth of the term "television"
    3. From the mechanical television (1925-1931) to the electric television (1932-1945)
  2. Television in the footsteps of players like the radio
    1. The FCC and Congress: state control
    2. The networks: diffusion
    3. U.S. companies: financing
  3. Television and the American public
    1. Television proved to the Americans
    2. The placing of television sets on the market
    3. Programs
  4. Conclusion

Before the 1970s, the question of whether crime was a single concept or whether it had different degrees to was not raised by international society.

This debate began in the 1970s and it was decided that the International Law Commission will be responsible for studying this problem.
The International Law Commission was established on November 21st, 1947 by the UN General Assembly and its mission was to promote the development and codification of international law. The commission felt that the issue of responsibility of the State was an important one. During its 49th session in 1997, it proposed (under Article 19) that there was a distinction between crimes. International crime under this section is "an internationally wrongful act which results in a violation by a State of an international obligation that is essential for the protection of fundamental interests of the international community that its breach is recognized as a crime by that community as a whole.

" The following paragraph provides a list of international crimes such as aggression, genocide, serious harm to the environment, etc. The Article also states that everything that can be considered a crime is a crime. One can see an obvious similarity between the concept of crime and norms of ?jus cogens',( which as stated by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, are the most fundamental norms of the international community and that therefore states have universal jurisdiction to punish such violations).

The Commission refuses to assimilate, in this Article, the two terms by stating that even if the obligation is established by the rule of jus cogens it will often be an international crime (the category of jus cogens is wider than international crimes.)For example, the pacta sunt servanda(Latin for agreement's must be kept is jus cogens, but its violation is not an international crime as defined in Clause 19 of the Commission.

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