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The intervention in Iraq in 2003 under the UN Charter

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  1. The invention of television or a succession of discoveries
    1. The discoveries that introduced the invention of television
    2. The birth of the term "television"
    3. From the mechanical television (1925-1931) to the electric television (1932-1945)
  2. Television in the footsteps of players like the radio
    1. The FCC and Congress: state control
    2. The networks: diffusion
    3. U.S. companies: financing
  3. Television and the American public
    1. Television proved to the Americans
    2. The placing of television sets on the market
    3. Programs
  4. Conclusion

The UN Charter provides two options under which an appeal to use armed force may be authorized.
The Security Council decides to act under Chapter 7 to face a "threat against the peace, breach of peace, or act of aggression" (Article 39 the UN Charter). During the first Gulf War the Security Council, for the first time after the fall of the Berlin Wall, allowed the use of force.

The second option is that the right of self defense as provided in Article 51 of the UN Charter was enforced. It states: Nothing in the present Charter shall impair the inherent right of individual or collective, where a member of the UN is the object of an armed attack until the Security Council has taken measures necessary to maintain international peace and security.

If one analyzes the intervention in Iraq in terms of the UN Charter, either of these scenarios can be applied.In this paper I will address each of these two possibilities.The second scenario, the right to self-defense could not originally be applied to the United States but perhaps attacks of September 11 changed the interpretation.

The United States defended its intervention with the right to conduct a preventive war. Authorities stated: "We are acting now because the risks of inaction would be far greater. In one year, or five years, the power of Iraq to inflict harm on all free nations would be multiplied many times over. With these capabilities, Saddam Hussein and his terrorist allies could choose the moment of deadly conflict when they are strongest.
We choose to meet that threat now where it arises, before it can appear suddenly in our skies and cities?

In this paper, I will address the issue of the war in Iraq in the context of the Charter in two stages.
First, consider whether the intervention could possibly be based on resolutions 678 and 687, and second, whether the right to self-defense that is enshrined in the charter can authorize the U.S. to intervene in order to address the threat of terrorism.

The use of force under Chapter 7:
One might ask how the United States could invoke the provision set in Chapter 7 to justify their use of force, while the Security Council refused to adopt a resolution along the lines of the one it adopted in 1991.

The United States claimed that in the absence of authorization from the Security Council that the "use of force would still be permitted under resolutions 678 and 687"

Section 83 of the resolution 1950, allows allied forces to use force to protect South Korea against an attack from North Korea with the aim "to restore peace in the region and international security."
According to George Bush, "America tried to work with the united nations to address this threat because we wanted topeacefully resolve the outcome. we believe in the mission of the united nations. One reason the U.N. was founded after the Second World War was to confront aggressive dictators actively and early, before they can attack the innocent and destroy the peace"

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