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The right of maritime and airspace

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  1. The invention of television or a succession of discoveries
    1. The discoveries that introduced the invention of television
    2. The birth of the term "television"
    3. From the mechanical television (1925-1931) to the electric television (1932-1945)
  2. Television in the footsteps of players like the radio
    1. The FCC and Congress: state control
    2. The networks: diffusion
    3. U.S. companies: financing
  3. Television and the American public
    1. Television proved to the Americans
    2. The placing of television sets on the market
    3. Programs
  4. Conclusion

The laws that deal with the territory of a country is a fundamental branch of international law. The demarcation of the territory of each country is, and has always been a source of tension and disputes between countries. This definition focuses on areas of land, sea and aviation.

Under international law, maritime areas are defined as ?saltwater bodies, open and natural'. We must remember that the freshwaters and inland seas are excluded from being a part of maritime areas. The skies have no definition in international law but a distinction is needed between airspace and outer space (commonly called the "space"). It is estimated that outer space is the space that starts at an altitude of 40 to 100km.

There are two opposing views about the boundaries of the sea and air spaces. The first approach considers that these spaces are open to appropriation by the countries as extensions of their (land) territory. The second approach considers that it is not up to the countries to appropriate these spaces permanently and that freedom of communication should be applied.

In fact, we see that the laws that are applied to maritime areas and aviation are a compromise between the principle of territorial appropriation for countries to establish their sovereignty and the principle of free communication.

However, this principle of freedom of movement is now being framed by the countries on more occassions (including industrialized countries).

The codification of the laws applicable to the seas was undertaken at the Geneva Conference of 1958. The conference initiated the compartmentalization of the sea to know the definition of 5 maritime zones: internal waters, territorial waters, contiguous zone, continental shelf and the deep sea.

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