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War, the state and the birth of international law

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  1. The invention of television or a succession of discoveries
    1. The discoveries that introduced the invention of television
    2. The birth of the term "television"
    3. From the mechanical television (1925-1931) to the electric television (1932-1945)
  2. Television in the footsteps of players like the radio
    1. The FCC and Congress: state control
    2. The networks: diffusion
    3. U.S. companies: financing
  3. Television and the American public
    1. Television proved to the Americans
    2. The placing of television sets on the market
    3. Programs
  4. Conclusion

Thucydides remarks that war is a natural phenomenon whose actual meaning is the surrender of the weak to the strong. He wrote this concept in his ?History of the Peloponnesian War' where he objectively analyzes the causes of war. According to him, the war between Athens and Sparta was inevitable as both had 'had reached the peak of their power.'

How does the conception of war claim to be the source of the state, let alone international law? To answer this we turn to the law of Grotius, for which the sanction of war is the last resort. We see here an clear conceptualization of a relationship between law and war. We cannot claim to oppose current doctrines without analyzing clearly the origin of international law. Even answering this question is quite tricky. The purpose of our study is, therefore, based on three concepts: war, state and international law, the latter maintains a bond between the three.

It may seem surprising to combine these three concepts as the contemporary jurist is more accustomed to the association of the latter two. This time we will develop the birth of these concepts with modern crystallization of each. Thus we are see periods of highs with major developments (this is so in the later Middle Ages, for example) and other periods of stagnation and to some regression (end of Roman Empire and early Middle Ages).

One of the choices that direct this study is to analyze the concepts independently of one another while signaling influences they generate on each other. The thread will be the war that we find in all parts as they are. We will study this in the perspective of historical facts, parallel to the thinking of the time because we believe that the two need to be seen together, in a full picture.

Exceeding the private war: The birth of the State:-

Here we will look at the fundamental importance (for the thinkers) of the right to go beyond the private war. We observe those who have taken the plunge and others with the conceptual implications that it entails. We will first study Grotius and the unwillingness to go beyond the private war. And then look at other authors and the advent of this will.

Grotius and the unwillingness to go beyond the private war:
First, it is necessary to clarify that we will not talk of the concepts that were developed in the Greek or Roman eras where they did not consider entities of sizes that can be compared to our modern states.

Before Grotius we should mention St. Augustine, who in the process of the development of his concept of war does not specify that it should be based on the opinion of the people (i.e. the public). Saint Augustine, says that we should aim to keep the peace, that is more consistent with the ordo naturalis that was willed by God.

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