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Cyber law in India

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  1. Introduction.
    1. Internet.
    2. Cyber space.
    3. Information Technology Act 2000.
  2. Why cyber-laws In India.
    1. Cyber crimes.
    2. Cyber crime against a 'Person'
    3. Cyber crimes against property.
    4. Cyber crime against the government.
  3. Laws on cyber crimes today.
    1. Domain.
    2. Cybersquatting.
  4. The villain: Cyber crimes.
    1. India's first cyber crime.
    2. India's first cyber defamation case.
    3. Frequent cyber crimes.
    4. Financial crimes.
    5. Cyber pornography.
    6. Online gambling.
    7. Intellectual property crimes.
    8. Email spoofing and cyber extortion.
  5. The Hero: Cyber law.
    1. Formation.
    2. Highlights of the IT Act 2000.
    3. Exemption/Exclusion.
  6. Preliminary.
    1. Short title, extent, commencement and application.
    2. Important definitions.
  7. Digital signature.
    1. Authentication of electronic records.
    2. Provision under IT Act 2000 for digital signature.
  8. Electronic governance.
    1. Major legal issues in e-commerce.
  9. Penalties and adjudication.
  10. Offences.
  11. Conclusion.

Since the beginning of civilization, man has constantly adapted himself to the changing circumstances and scenarios to usher in new eras of development and progress. Every stage in human history has been important in its own way. However, if today we look back in retrospect and try to analyze the pace of various important advances, some periods stand out.

The last few decades have been some of the most significant in human history. It is in this era that we have seen the birth of the internet, and it is in this very decade that Internet and the World Wide Web has blossomed into what we see them as today. Today, the internet has become an all pervading revolution which has an immense impact on all aspects of human life and existence. Truly the internet is an irreversible phenomenon which has set new benchmarks for all of mankind.

To put it simply, the internet is a global network of computers, all speaking the same language. It all began in 1969 when America's Department of Defense commissioned the construction of a Super network called ARPANET. The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was basically intended as a military network of 40 computers connected by a web of links and lines. This network slowly grew and became known as the Internet. By 1981, over 200 computers from all around the world were connected. Today the figure runs into millions.

[...] CONCLUSION The first problem in this direction is that India does not have a comprehensive legal and regulatory framework for regulating all kinds of cyber crimes. India lacks any specific legislation on cyber crime. The Indian Cyber law namely, The Information Technology Act has introduced a new chapter entitled" Offences" namely Chapter 11.In the said chapter, only a limited number of cyber crimes have been covered. These include damage to computer source code, hacking, publishing obscene electronic information, breach of protected systems, publishing certain false Digital Signature Certificates for fraudulent purposes. [...]

[...] many of the auction sites even in India are believed to be selling cocaine in the name of ?honey'. The clip of the DPS students was kept for selling on the site called by a student from IIT Kharagpur. Online gambling : There are millions of websites; all hosted on servers abroad, that offer online gambling. In fact, it is believed that many of these websites are actually fronts for money laundering. Cases of hawala transactions and money laundering over the Internet have been reported. [...]

[...] Besides being the first conviction in a cyber crime matter, it has shown that the Indian Penal Code can be effectively applied to certain categories of cyber crimes which are not covered under the Information Technology Act 2000. Secondly, a judgment of this sort sends out a clear message to all that the law cannot be taken for a ride. Case: In May 2000, this deadly virus became the world's most prevalent virus. It struck one in every five personal computers in the world. [...]

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