Discussion about the capital punishment
- Definition of the capital punishment
- Arguments against the capital punishment
- Arguments in favour
Since the middle of the XXth century, many countries abolished the capital punishment, some for all crimes, and others for crimes of common rights while reserving capital punishment in exceptional circumstances. Several great areas are completely free trade zones (Europe, Canada, part of the Southern Africa and Oceania) and some politically assert it like Europe and Canada. Concurrently to that, other countries remain much attached to the capital punishment and continue to apply it in a more or less constant way depending on the individual legislation of the States, like the United States, China (where 80 % of the executions in the world take place) and India and many countries of Asia, as well as the Middle East and parts of North Africa. The debate on capital punishment exists since Antiquity and relates to various aspects, of its role in the penal system, with respect to its application even its abolition. We will discuss capital punishment by opposing the arguments in favor and the arguments in discredit of capital punishment.