Cicero, On the Republic
- About Cicero
- The sociability of human nature
- Definition of a commonwealth
- The notion of equality
Marcus Tullus Cicero (106-43 B.C.) was a Roman politician and philosopher. He wrote De Republica in 51 BC while the Roman republic was experiencing a period of political turmoil. Caius Julius Caesar and Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus were competing each other for the leadership of Rome dividing the whole empire and triggering a bloody civil war. Therefore, in this time of troubles, Cicero asserted himself as the defender of the Roman Republic, which he conceived to be the ideal system of government. In this review, I will attempt to show that while the political thought of Cicero was largely influenced by the teachings of the Greek philosophers, he nevertheless brought up new ideas in this work that could be closely related to modern political conceptions.