Effects of immigration on post civil war architecture in America
- Effects of immigration on post civil war architecture in America
In the early 19th century, American architecture was a mixture of cribbed styles and European architecture. It is only until the end of the century that America began embracing the idea of having their own unique architectural style. It is then that American architecture started new trends and building buildings that could be emulated all over the world. American architecture arguably started picking up in originality, style and uniqueness towards the end of the century or after the civil war. Before this, American architecture consisted of copied styles from Europe and Greece. American architecture was also largely dependent on English design books, a few prestigious technical schools and master builders who had immigrated during the old and new wars. The only buildings that showcased great architectural designs where churches such as the Cambridge and kings chapel and private homes (Secler, 2006).
After the civil war America also underwent a transformation of the American life due to immigration and industrialization. It is this transformation that inspired a sense of historical consciousness in the American people which necessitated the development of architecture that would be unique to the Americans (Conn & Page, 2003). After the civil war, only two thirds of the Architects in America were native born. A large percentage of them came from Germany and Ireland. The designers and craftsmen during this period were foreign born. In the last half of the nineteenth century the Irish dominated the building industry. They had perfected their skills in carpentry and bricklaying. Most of the Irish in this sector later transformed themselves into builders and contractors.
[...] References: Conn, S., & Page, M. (2003). Building the American Nation: Americans write about their Architecture , their cities and their landscape. Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania. Elliot, C. D. (2003). The American Architecture from the colonial period to the present. McFarland. Hayward, M. E., & Shivers, F. J. (2004). The architecture of Balitmore; An illustrated history. [...]
[...] JHU Press. Poppeliers, J. C., & Chambers, A. S. (2003). What style is it: A guide to American Architecture. John Wiley and sons. Secler, R. f. (2006). Civil War America -1875. Infobase Publishing. [...]