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Are forgiveness and a search for the truth a better solution to heal the minds and bodies of the victims of wars than externally imposed tribunals?

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  1. Introduction.
  2. The most commonly used words used in conjunction with the process of reconciliation.
  3. Externally imposed tribunal.
  4. The example of Northern Ireland.
  5. Healing the minds and bodies of the victims of wars and for reconciliation.
  6. Conclusion.
  7. Bibliography.

Even after a settlement is reached and a peace agreement is signed, this is by no means the end of the conflict. For a conflict to really end, healing the minds and the bodies of the victims of wars are necessary. Indeed it is the necessary first step to reconciliation to appear and people who have suffered the war need to reconcile in order to prevent the last war to be the cause of the next. Indeed as Whittaker's explains ?reconciliation goes beyond resolution to refer not just to the psychological process whereby understanding and tolerance lead to readiness to live together in a new framework of peace and well- being?. As one might expect, there are big differences in how various societies have attempted to tackle the problem of 'dealing with the past'. Two categories of solutions can be found: internal reconciliation, such as in Chile and South Africa in 1990's and external reconciliation through the increased use of legal redress in external war crimes tribunal, such as for the former Yugoslavia.

[...] So there are no perfect solutions to heal the minds and bodies of victims of war and combination could be the best way. Indeed burying the past in a reconciliatory way requires the mobilization of a variety of techniques Restorative justice, if adequately organized, can heal the wounds of both victim and perpetrator. Telling the truth also can have a healing effect on the victim and the offender and ?revealing is healing? was the slogan of the South African TRC. [...]


[...] For healing the minds and bodies of the victims of wars and for reconciliation to take root in political morals, there is a need for truth, but the truth commissions are not the best way to heal the minds and bodies of victims of war. Forgiveness and search for truth are meant to defuse tensions, rather than to seek miracle solutions that would really heal the minds and the bodies of the victims of wars. While the TRC amnesty-for- truth process merits respect as the most honestly designed transitional arrangement short of ?real justice? (i.e. [...]

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