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Fascism, communism and totalitarianism

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  1. Introduction to fascism and totalitarianism.
    1. The historic and cognitive features of Italian fascism.
    2. Coming of Mussolini to power.
    3. Evolution of totalitarianism.
  2. Totalitarianism and horror.
    1. Evaluation of the responsibility of capitalist powers.
    2. W.W. Rostow's view.
    3. The consequences of the era.
    4. The of capitalism.
  3. Conclusion.
  4. End notes.

?Fascism was the first mass-mobilizing development dictatorship that provided a frank, complete, and relatively coherent rationale for totalitarianism." Actually, Mussolini's doctrine of delayed industrialization was the first to openly affirm ?the reality of production and the reality of the Nation.? Contrary to any Marxist revolution, Fascism claimed nationalism and totalitarianism as part of the developmental process, and they decided to maintain the class structure as preserved as possible. What we want to do is to show how this Regime can be conceived as paradigmatic of the other Revolutions the last Century encountered. First, we will detail the historic and cognitive features of Italian Fascism. Then we will study its ideological foundations. And finally we will determinate how far Italian Fascism can be applied to the other revolutions as paradigmatic.

[...] This accumulation is generally sustained by the payment of bare subsistence wages, as developed by Marx[xviii] about Europe throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth Centuries, or even by slavery, as in the United States. We thus can see that the early developers, the bourgeois countries are responsible in a generic sense, they did violate civil rights in their developmental stages. The consequences of this era are still observable. The former colonized countries developed a great dependence upon the country that took them over. [...]


[...] Secondly, they are very inefficient and wasteful systems; they thus consume resources in giant leaps and bounds. The Nazis called ?Lebensraum' the space they need to occupy, just for sustaining their own needs and giving the people enough property Plus, expansion is often part of a broader national goal; the totalitarian states, as we saw before, often aim to recover an ancient greatness. The ?irredant lands' claimed by Italy are a great example of the will to expand, both for strategic and symbolic reasons. [...]


[...] Totalitarianism and horror The 20th century has been the most mass murder ever. To have one cause for all complex phenomena is not very likely, and any omnibus claim displaying only one cause is suspect on its base; thus, considering capitalism as the one cause for the worldwide misery can't be taken as an acceptable account. What we thus want to do is to try to evaluate the respective responsibility of capitalist -market governed economy- and totalitarian powers -state governed economy- in the 20th Century's horrors. [...]

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