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Lyndon Baines Johnson: An overview study

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  1. Introduction
  2. The increase in troops
  3. The Democratic position
  4. Johnson's way of dealing with the foreign policy
  5. Executing the principles of 'The Great Society'
  6. Overtaxing tendencies of his initiatives
  7. How Johnson was able to secure his position in the White House
  8. Conclusion
  9. Bibliography

When one thinks of the president Lyndon Baines Johnson, typically one associates him with the turbulent period we call the ?sixties.' Whether or not his term in office merely coincided with this era is an issue often debated. Nonetheless, his commanding presence has left an indelible mark on history. However, the fact that Johnson served as president during the largest commitment of troops to the Vietnam conflict as well as in sight of the birth of modern welfare and other social programs is not coincidental. His initiatives in these areas were largely due to his views on foreign and domestic policies. More specifically, Lyndon Johnson demonstrated a high idealism in many respects. This attitude that was reflected in his policies truly define Johnson as being firm in his convictions; so much so that his leadership strategies were what some may refer to as unilateral and self executed. Unlike some presidents before and after him who relied heavily on the council and direction of their own administration, Lyndon's approach was more self guided. This phenomenon came in under the shadow of the JFK assignation and subsequent presidency. With this and numerous other facts in mind, what will be done in this paper is an overview of the Johnson presidency. The unilateralism of Johnson's ?top to bottom? micro management of the Vietnam War as well as his ?Great Society? campaign will be examined, as well as the cloud that loomed over his residency in the White House after the JFK tragedy.

[...] In short, his view was that there needed to be an overhaul in Social Security. So, this was the next area to attack. And, Social Security benefits alone would lift 1.4 million Americans above the poverty line (Califano, 1991).? In view of the overwhelming numbers and percentages that would result, Johnson was sure that his social programs, including welfare reform, public school funding and an increase in Social Security benefits, would bring about what his great society outlined. Opponents of his social programs, however, pointed to the overtaxing tendencies of his initiatives, coupled with a potential to stymie the US market and thus economy. [...]

[...] After all, if indeed he demonstrated such an appeal to the majority of Americans, so much so that he defeated his opponent Goldwater in a landslide victory in 1964. And naturally his years in Congress offered no opportunity to explain this since his function was commensurate with other equal congressmen whom he had to work with, obviously butting heads occasionally. If one is pressed for an answer to this question, one must go back to his years in the White House as vice-president. [...]

[...] Before much of this escalation, former president Eisenhower, in an attempt at keeping Diem's southern territory safe, committed American troops to the region in the mid-fifties. This presence was primarily in an effort to prevent communism from entering the region. Reminiscent of the Korean conflict in that respect, there was a general fear that if communism prevailed in this region, that like a set of dominoes, they would move east to Hawaii and then to the United States. And indeed, this sentiment was adopted by John F. [...]

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