Nietzsche and Freud on the Oceanic Feeling
It is indisputable that Nietzsche was a major influence on Freud's theories on psychoanalysis. Specifically within Freud's Civilization and its Discontents, and Nietzsche's essay ?Schopenhauer as Educator,? there are clearly shared opinions on, for example, the necessity of examination and self-reflection, the mass-suffering observed as a form of neurosis, and comments on the suffocation of communal life. It is, in fact, the topic of suffering that I will focus on within this essay: I will clearly lay out each figure's categorical organization of his take on human suffering as I have discovered them, I will point out the clear overlaps and agreements in the systems. I will also show that, where the two systems do not match up, they can in fact be represented together in such a way that each adds to and complements the other. Finally, I will argue that, from those very descriptions of where each differs from the other, we can see that each figure's preferred area of focus reveals about him his corresponding pessimistic (Freud) and more-so optimistic (Nietzsche) view on humanity.